The intrinsic reddening of the Magellanic Clouds as traced by background galaxies - I. The bar and outskirts of the Small Magellanic Cloud

Cameron P.M. Bell, Maria Rosa L. Cioni, A. H. Wright, Stefano Rubele, David L. Nidever, Ben L. Tatton, Jacco Th Van Loon, Valentin D. Ivanov, Smitha Subramanian, Joana M. Oliveira, Richard De Grijs, Clara M. Pennock, Yumi Choi, Dennis Zaritsky, Knut Olsen, Florian Niederhofer, Samyaday Choudhury, David Martínez-Delgado, Ricardo R. Muñoz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We present a method to map the total intrinsic reddening of a foreground extinguishing medium via the analysis of spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of background galaxies. In this pilot study, we implement this technique in two distinct regions of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) - the bar and the southern outskirts - using a combination of optical and nearinfrared ugrizYJKs broad-band imaging. We adopt the LEPHARE χ2-minimization SED-fitting routine and various samples of galaxies and/or quasi-stellar objects to investigate the intrinsic reddening. We find that only when we construct reddening maps using objects classified as galaxies with lowlevels of intrinsic reddening (i.e. ellipticals/lenticulars and early-type spirals), the resultant maps are consistent with previous literature determinations, i.e. the intrinsic reddening of the SMC bar is higher than that in the outer environs. We employ two sets of galaxy templates - one theoretical and one empirical - to test for template dependences in the resulting reddening maps and find that the theoretical templates imply systematically higher reddening values by up to 0.20 mag in E(B - V). A comparison with previous reddening maps, based on the stellar components of the SMC, typically shows reasonable agreement. There is, however, significant variation amongst the literature reddening maps as to the level of intrinsic reddening associated with the bar. Thus, it is difficult to unambiguously state that instances of significant discrepancies are the result of appreciable levels of dust not accounted for in some literature reddening maps or whether they reflect issues with our adopted methodology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3200-3217
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume489
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Magellanic clouds
galaxies
templates
spectral energy distribution
extinguishing
energy
dust
methodology
broadband
optimization

Keywords

  • Dust, extinction
  • Galaxies: ISM-Magellanic clouds
  • Galaxies: Photometry
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

The intrinsic reddening of the Magellanic Clouds as traced by background galaxies - I. The bar and outskirts of the Small Magellanic Cloud. / Bell, Cameron P.M.; Cioni, Maria Rosa L.; Wright, A. H.; Rubele, Stefano; Nidever, David L.; Tatton, Ben L.; Van Loon, Jacco Th; Ivanov, Valentin D.; Subramanian, Smitha; Oliveira, Joana M.; De Grijs, Richard; Pennock, Clara M.; Choi, Yumi; Zaritsky, Dennis; Olsen, Knut; Niederhofer, Florian; Choudhury, Samyaday; Martínez-Delgado, David; Muñoz, Ricardo R.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 489, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 3200-3217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bell, CPM, Cioni, MRL, Wright, AH, Rubele, S, Nidever, DL, Tatton, BL, Van Loon, JT, Ivanov, VD, Subramanian, S, Oliveira, JM, De Grijs, R, Pennock, CM, Choi, Y, Zaritsky, D, Olsen, K, Niederhofer, F, Choudhury, S, Martínez-Delgado, D & Muñoz, RR 2019, 'The intrinsic reddening of the Magellanic Clouds as traced by background galaxies - I. The bar and outskirts of the Small Magellanic Cloud', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 489, no. 3, pp. 3200-3217. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stz2325
Bell, Cameron P.M. ; Cioni, Maria Rosa L. ; Wright, A. H. ; Rubele, Stefano ; Nidever, David L. ; Tatton, Ben L. ; Van Loon, Jacco Th ; Ivanov, Valentin D. ; Subramanian, Smitha ; Oliveira, Joana M. ; De Grijs, Richard ; Pennock, Clara M. ; Choi, Yumi ; Zaritsky, Dennis ; Olsen, Knut ; Niederhofer, Florian ; Choudhury, Samyaday ; Martínez-Delgado, David ; Muñoz, Ricardo R. / The intrinsic reddening of the Magellanic Clouds as traced by background galaxies - I. The bar and outskirts of the Small Magellanic Cloud. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2019 ; Vol. 489, No. 3. pp. 3200-3217.
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T1 - The intrinsic reddening of the Magellanic Clouds as traced by background galaxies - I. The bar and outskirts of the Small Magellanic Cloud

AU - Bell, Cameron P.M.

AU - Cioni, Maria Rosa L.

AU - Wright, A. H.

AU - Rubele, Stefano

AU - Nidever, David L.

AU - Tatton, Ben L.

AU - Van Loon, Jacco Th

AU - Ivanov, Valentin D.

AU - Subramanian, Smitha

AU - Oliveira, Joana M.

AU - De Grijs, Richard

AU - Pennock, Clara M.

AU - Choi, Yumi

AU - Zaritsky, Dennis

AU - Olsen, Knut

AU - Niederhofer, Florian

AU - Choudhury, Samyaday

AU - Martínez-Delgado, David

AU - Muñoz, Ricardo R.

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N2 - We present a method to map the total intrinsic reddening of a foreground extinguishing medium via the analysis of spectral energy distributions (SEDs) of background galaxies. In this pilot study, we implement this technique in two distinct regions of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) - the bar and the southern outskirts - using a combination of optical and nearinfrared ugrizYJKs broad-band imaging. We adopt the LEPHARE χ2-minimization SED-fitting routine and various samples of galaxies and/or quasi-stellar objects to investigate the intrinsic reddening. We find that only when we construct reddening maps using objects classified as galaxies with lowlevels of intrinsic reddening (i.e. ellipticals/lenticulars and early-type spirals), the resultant maps are consistent with previous literature determinations, i.e. the intrinsic reddening of the SMC bar is higher than that in the outer environs. We employ two sets of galaxy templates - one theoretical and one empirical - to test for template dependences in the resulting reddening maps and find that the theoretical templates imply systematically higher reddening values by up to 0.20 mag in E(B - V). A comparison with previous reddening maps, based on the stellar components of the SMC, typically shows reasonable agreement. There is, however, significant variation amongst the literature reddening maps as to the level of intrinsic reddening associated with the bar. Thus, it is difficult to unambiguously state that instances of significant discrepancies are the result of appreciable levels of dust not accounted for in some literature reddening maps or whether they reflect issues with our adopted methodology.

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