The James Webb space telescope

Jonathan P. Gardner, John C. Mather, Mark Clampin, Rene Doyon, Matthew A. Greenhouse, Heidi B. Hammel, John B. Hutchings, Peter Jakobsen, Simon J. Lilly, Knox S. Long, Jonathan I. Lunine, Mark J. McCaughrean, Matt Mountain, John Nella, George H. Rieke, Marcia J Rieke, Hans Walter Rix, Eric P. Smith, George Sonneborn, Massimo Stiavelli & 3 others H. S. Stockman, Rogier A. Windhorst, Gillian S. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

616 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) is a large (6.6 m), cold (<50 K), infrared (IR)-optimized space observatory that will be launched early in the next decade into orbit around the second Earth-Sun Lagrange point. The observatory will have four instruments: a near-IR camera, a near-IR multiobject spectrograph, and a tunable filter imager will cover the wavelength range, 0.6 < ; < 5.0 μ m, while the mid-IR instrument will do both imaging and spectroscopy from 5.0 < ; < 29 μ m. The JWST science goals are divided into four themes. The key objective of The End of the Dark Ages: First Light and Reionization theme is to identify the first luminous sources to form and to determine the ionization history of the early universe. The key objective of The Assembly of Galaxies theme is to determine how galaxies and the dark matter, gas, stars, metals, morphological structures, and active nuclei within them evolved from the epoch of reionization to the present day. The key objective of The Birth of Stars and Protoplanetary Systems theme is to unravel the birth and early evolution of stars, from infall on to dust-enshrouded protostars to the genesis of planetary systems. The key objective of the Planetary Systems and the Origins of Life theme is to determine the physical and chemical properties of planetary systems including our own, and investigate the potential for the origins of life in those systems. Within these themes and objectives, we have derived representative astronomical observations. To enable these observations, JWST consists of a telescope, an instrument package, a spacecraft, and a sunshield. The telescope consists of 18 beryllium segments, some of which are deployed. The segments will be brought into optical alignment on-orbit through a process of periodic wavefront sensing and control. The instrument package contains the four science instruments and a fine guidance sensor. The spacecraft provides pointing, orbit maintenance, and communications. The sunshield provides passive thermal control. The JWST operations plan is based on that used for previous space observatories, and the majority of JWST observing time will be allocated to the international astronomical community through annual peer-reviewed proposal opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-606
Number of pages122
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Volume123
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2006

Fingerprint

James Webb Space Telescope
planetary systems
instrument packages
orbits
stars
origin of life
observatory
observatories
spacecraft
guidance sensors
telescopes
galaxies
infrared instruments
Infrared Space Observatory (ISO)
near infrared
protostars
tunable filters
beryllium
chemical properties
maintenance

Keywords

  • Galaxies: formation
  • Infrared: general
  • Planetary systems
  • Space vehicles: instruments
  • Stars: formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Gardner, J. P., Mather, J. C., Clampin, M., Doyon, R., Greenhouse, M. A., Hammel, H. B., ... Wright, G. S. (2006). The James Webb space telescope. Space Science Reviews, 123(4), 485-606. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-006-8315-7

The James Webb space telescope. / Gardner, Jonathan P.; Mather, John C.; Clampin, Mark; Doyon, Rene; Greenhouse, Matthew A.; Hammel, Heidi B.; Hutchings, John B.; Jakobsen, Peter; Lilly, Simon J.; Long, Knox S.; Lunine, Jonathan I.; McCaughrean, Mark J.; Mountain, Matt; Nella, John; Rieke, George H.; Rieke, Marcia J; Rix, Hans Walter; Smith, Eric P.; Sonneborn, George; Stiavelli, Massimo; Stockman, H. S.; Windhorst, Rogier A.; Wright, Gillian S.

In: Space Science Reviews, Vol. 123, No. 4, 04.2006, p. 485-606.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gardner, JP, Mather, JC, Clampin, M, Doyon, R, Greenhouse, MA, Hammel, HB, Hutchings, JB, Jakobsen, P, Lilly, SJ, Long, KS, Lunine, JI, McCaughrean, MJ, Mountain, M, Nella, J, Rieke, GH, Rieke, MJ, Rix, HW, Smith, EP, Sonneborn, G, Stiavelli, M, Stockman, HS, Windhorst, RA & Wright, GS 2006, 'The James Webb space telescope', Space Science Reviews, vol. 123, no. 4, pp. 485-606. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-006-8315-7
Gardner JP, Mather JC, Clampin M, Doyon R, Greenhouse MA, Hammel HB et al. The James Webb space telescope. Space Science Reviews. 2006 Apr;123(4):485-606. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11214-006-8315-7
Gardner, Jonathan P. ; Mather, John C. ; Clampin, Mark ; Doyon, Rene ; Greenhouse, Matthew A. ; Hammel, Heidi B. ; Hutchings, John B. ; Jakobsen, Peter ; Lilly, Simon J. ; Long, Knox S. ; Lunine, Jonathan I. ; McCaughrean, Mark J. ; Mountain, Matt ; Nella, John ; Rieke, George H. ; Rieke, Marcia J ; Rix, Hans Walter ; Smith, Eric P. ; Sonneborn, George ; Stiavelli, Massimo ; Stockman, H. S. ; Windhorst, Rogier A. ; Wright, Gillian S. / The James Webb space telescope. In: Space Science Reviews. 2006 ; Vol. 123, No. 4. pp. 485-606.
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