The linear growth of structure in the Rh = ct universe

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We use recently published redshift space distortion measurements of the cosmological growth rate, fσ8(z), to examine whether the linear evolution of perturbations in the Rh = ct cosmology is consistent with the observed development of large-scale structure. We find that these observations favour Rh = ct over the version of Λ cold dark matter (ΛCDM) optimized with the joint analysis of Planck and linear growth rate data, particularly in the redshift range 0 < z < 1, where a significant curvature in the functional form of fσ8(z) predicted by the standard model-but not by Rh = ct-is absent in the data. When ΛCDM is optimized using solely the growth rate measurements; however, the two models fit the observations equally well though, in this case, the low-redshift measurements find a lower value for the fluctuation amplitude than is expected in Planck ΛCDM. Our results strongly affirm the need for more precise measurements of fσ8(z) at all redshifts, but especially at z < 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1966-1976
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017



  • Cosmological parameters
  • Cosmology: observations
  • Cosmology: theory
  • Gravitation
  • Instabilities
  • Large-scale structure of Universe

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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