The local balances of vorticity and heat for blocking anticyclones in a spectral general circulation model.

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Abstract

Blocking anticylones that appear in perpetual January simulations of a spectral general circulation model are examined. Blocks in three geographical regions are studied: the North Pacific, the North Atlantic and western North America. Local time-averaged balances of vorticity and heat are evaluated for composite cases of blocking. A number of common relationships emerged from these budgets, and are discussed. A quasi-geostrophic diagnosis of the ageostrophic motion field suggests that dynamical processes which strongly affect the vorticity balance may be more important to the maintenance of model blocks than processes which strongly affect the heat balance. The mountains appear capable of influencing the shape of the model blocks, but preliminary results indicate that orographic forcing may not be absolutely essential for the blocking process to occur in the model. -from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1406-1441
Number of pages36
JournalJournal of the Atmospheric Sciences
Volume43
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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