The LSST moving object processing pipeline

Kobus Barnard, Andrew Connolly, Larry Denneau, Alon Efrat, Tommy Grav, Jim Heasley, Robert Jedicke, Jeremy Kubica, Bongki Moon, Scott H. Morris, Praveen R. Rao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

We describe a proposed architecture for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) moving object processing pipeline based on a similar system under development for the Pan-STARRS project. This pipeline is responsible for identifying and discovering fast moving objects such as asteroids, updating information about them, generating appropriate alerts, and supporting queries about moving objects. Of particular interest are potentially hazardous asteroids (PHA's). We consider the system as being composed of two interacting components. First, candidate linkages corresponding to moving objects are found by tracking detections ("tracklets"). To achieve this in reasonable time we have developed specialized data structures and algorithms that efficiently evaluate the possibilities using quadratic fits of the detections on a modest time scale. For the second component we take a Bayesian approach to validating, refining, and merging linkages over time. Thus new detections increase our belief that an orbit is correct and contribute to better orbital parameters. Conversely, missed expected detections reduce the probability that the orbit exists. Finally, new candidate linkages are confirmed or refuted based on previous images. In order to assign new detections to existing orbits we propose bipartite graph matching to find a maximum likelihood assignment subject to the constraint that detections match at most one orbit and vice versa. We describe how to construct this matching process to properly deal with false detections and missed detections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationObservatory Operations
Subtitle of host publicationStrategies, Processes, and Systems
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 9 2006
EventObservatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: May 25 2006May 27 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume6270
ISSN (Print)0277-786X

Other

OtherObservatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL
Period5/25/065/27/06

Keywords

  • Asteroids
  • Graph matching
  • Moving object detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Barnard, K., Connolly, A., Denneau, L., Efrat, A., Grav, T., Heasley, J., Jedicke, R., Kubica, J., Moon, B., Morris, S. H., & Rao, P. R. (2006). The LSST moving object processing pipeline. In Observatory Operations: Strategies, Processes, and Systems [627024] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 6270). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.671750