The modulatory role of high fat feeding on gastrointestinal signals in obesity

Frank A. Duca, Yassine Sakar, Mihai Covasa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is a specialized sensory system that detects and responds to constant changes in nutrient- and bacterial-derived intestinal signals, thus contributing to controls of food intake. Chronic exposure to dietary fat causes morphological, physiological and metabolic changes leading to disruptions in the regulatory feeding pathways promoting more efficient fat absorption and utilization, blunted satiation signals and excess adiposity. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that impaired gastrointestinal signals following long-term high fat consumption are, at least partially, responsible for increased caloric intake. This review focuses on the role of dietary fat in modulating oral and post-oral chemosensory signaling elements responsible for lipid detection and responses, including changes in sensitivity to satiation signals, such as GLP-1, PYY and CCK and their impact on food intake and weight gain. Furthermore, the influence of the gut microbiota on mechanisms controlling energy regulation in the face of excessive fat exposure will be explored. The profound influence of dietary fats on altering complex regulatory feeding pathways can result in dysregulation of body weight and development of obesity, while restoration or manipulation of satiation signaling may prove an effective tool in prevention and treatment of obesity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1663-1677
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Volume24
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diet adaptation
  • GPR
  • Gut peptides
  • Microbiota
  • Satiation
  • Taste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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