The multifunctional protein glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase is both regulated and controls colony-stimulating factor-1 messenger RNA stability in ovarian cancer

Yi Zhou, Xiaofang Yi, Jha'Nae B. Stoffer, Nathalie Bonafe, Maureen Gilmore-Hebert, Jessica McAlpine, Setsuko K. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase's (GAPDH) predilection for AU-rich elements has long been known, the expected connection between GAPDH and control of mRNA stability has never been made. Recently, we described GAPDH binding the AU-rich terminal 144 nt of the colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) 3′ untranslated region (UTR), which we showed to be an mRNA decay element in ovarian cancer cells. CSF-1 is strongly correlated with the poor prognosis of patients with ovarian cancer. We investigated the functional significance of GAPDH's association with CSF-1 mRNA and found that GAPDH small interfering RNA reduces both CSF-1 mRNA and protein levels by destabilizing CSF-1 mRNA. CSF-1 mRNA half-lives were decreased by 50% in the presence of GAPDH small interfering RNA. RNA footprinting analysis of the 144 nt CSF-1 sequence revealed that GAPDH associates with a large AU-rich-containing region. The effects of binding of GAPDH protein or ovarian extracts to mutations of the AU-rich regions within the footprint were consistent with this finding. In a tissue array containing 256 ovarian and fallopian tube cancer specimens, we found that GAPDH was regulated in these cancers, with almost 50% of specimens having no GAPDH staining. Furthermore, we found that low GAPDH staining was associated with a low CSF-1 score (P = 0.008). In summary, GAPDH, a multifunctional protein, now adds regulation of mRNA stability to its repertoire. We are the first to evaluate the clinical role of GAPDH protein in cancer. In ovarian cancers, we show that GAPDH expression is regulated, and we now recognize that one of the many functions of GAPDH is to promote mRNA stability of CSF-1, an important cytokine in tumor progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1375-1384
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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