The Murray Springs Clovis site, Pleistocene extinction, and the question of extraterrestrial impact

C. Vance Haynes, J. Boerner, K. Domanik, D. Lauretta, J. Ballenger, J. Goreva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Some of the evidence for the recent hypothesis of an extraterrestrial impact that caused late Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions [Firestone et al. (2007) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 104:16016-16021] was based upon samples collected at Murray Springs, a Clovis archaeological site in southeastern Arizona. Here we describe sampling and analyses of magnetic separates from within, above, and below the lower Younger Dryas boundary (LYDB) black mat at Murray Springs, as well as radiation measurements from the LYDB at Murray Springs and two other well-stratified Clovis sites. The main magnetic fraction at Murray Springs is maghemite. Magnetic microspherules have terrestrial origins but also occur as cosmic dust particles. We failed to find iridium or radiation anomalies. The evidence for massive biomass burning at Murray Springs is addressed and found to be lacking. We could not substantiate some of the claims by Firestone and others, but our findings do not preclude a terminal Pleistocene cosmic event.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4010-4015
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume107
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2010

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • Biomass burning
  • Cosmic dust
  • Microspherules
  • Radiation anomoly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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