The MVACS Robotic Arm Camera

H. U. Keller, H. Hartwig, R. Kramm, D. Koschny, W. J. Markiewicz, N. Thomas, M. Fernades, Peter Smith, R. Reynolds, M. T. Lemmon, J. Weinberg, R. Marcialis, R. Tanner, B. J. Boss, C. Oquest, D. A. Paige

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Robotic Arm Camera (RAC) is one of the key instruments newly developed for the Mars Volatiles and Climate Surveyor payload of the Mars Polar Lander. This lightweight instrument employs a front lens with variable focus range and takes images at distances from 11 mm (image scale 1:1) to infinity. Color images with a resolution of better than 50 μm can be obtained to characterize the Martian soil. Spectral information of nearby objects is retrieved through illumination with blue, green, and red lamp sets. The design and performance of the camera are described in relation to the science objectives and operation. The RAC uses the same CCD detector array as the Surface Stereo Imager and shares the readout electronics with this camera. The RAC is mounted at the wrist of the Robotic Arm and can characterize the contents of the scoop, the samples of soil fed to the Thermal Evolved Gas Analyzer, the Martian surface in the vicinity of the lander, and the interior of trenches dug out by the Robotic Arm. It can also be used to take panoramic images and to retrieve stereo information with an effective baseline surpassing that of the Surface Stereo Imager by about a factor of 3.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17609-17621
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume106
Issue numberE8
StatePublished - Aug 25 2001

Fingerprint

robot arms
Robotic arms
robotics
Cameras
cameras
Image sensors
Mars Polar Lander
Mars
soils
wrist
Soils
Electric lamps
payloads
Charge coupled devices
mars
infinity
luminaires
climate
trench
readout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Keller, H. U., Hartwig, H., Kramm, R., Koschny, D., Markiewicz, W. J., Thomas, N., ... Paige, D. A. (2001). The MVACS Robotic Arm Camera. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 106(E8), 17609-17621.

The MVACS Robotic Arm Camera. / Keller, H. U.; Hartwig, H.; Kramm, R.; Koschny, D.; Markiewicz, W. J.; Thomas, N.; Fernades, M.; Smith, Peter; Reynolds, R.; Lemmon, M. T.; Weinberg, J.; Marcialis, R.; Tanner, R.; Boss, B. J.; Oquest, C.; Paige, D. A.

In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 106, No. E8, 25.08.2001, p. 17609-17621.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Keller, HU, Hartwig, H, Kramm, R, Koschny, D, Markiewicz, WJ, Thomas, N, Fernades, M, Smith, P, Reynolds, R, Lemmon, MT, Weinberg, J, Marcialis, R, Tanner, R, Boss, BJ, Oquest, C & Paige, DA 2001, 'The MVACS Robotic Arm Camera', Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol. 106, no. E8, pp. 17609-17621.
Keller HU, Hartwig H, Kramm R, Koschny D, Markiewicz WJ, Thomas N et al. The MVACS Robotic Arm Camera. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2001 Aug 25;106(E8):17609-17621.
Keller, H. U. ; Hartwig, H. ; Kramm, R. ; Koschny, D. ; Markiewicz, W. J. ; Thomas, N. ; Fernades, M. ; Smith, Peter ; Reynolds, R. ; Lemmon, M. T. ; Weinberg, J. ; Marcialis, R. ; Tanner, R. ; Boss, B. J. ; Oquest, C. ; Paige, D. A. / The MVACS Robotic Arm Camera. In: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics. 2001 ; Vol. 106, No. E8. pp. 17609-17621.
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