The nature of luminous X-ray sources with mid-infrared counterparts

A. Alonso-Herrero, P. G. Pérez-González, J. Rigby, George H. Rieke, E. Le Floc'h, P. Barmby, M. J. Page, C. Papovich, H. Dole, E. Egami, J. S. Huang, D. Rigopoulou, D. Cristóbal-Hornillos, C. Eliche-Moral, M. Balcells, M. Prieto, P. Erwin, C. W. Engelbracht, K. D. Gordon, M. WernerS. P. Willner, G. G. Fazio, D. Frayer, D. Hines, D. Kelly, W. Latter, K. Misselt, S. Miyazaki, J. Morrison, Marcia J Rieke, G. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We investigate the luminous X-ray sources in the Lockman Hole (LH) and the extended Groth strip (EGS) detected at 24 μm using the Multiband Imaging Photometer (MIPS) and also with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. We assemble optical/infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for 45 X-ray/24 μm sources in the EGS and LH. Only about one-quarter of the hard X-ray/24 μm sources show pure type 1 active galactic nucleus (AGN) SEDs. More than half of the X-ray/24 μm sources have stellar emission-dominated or obscured SEDs, similar to those of local type 2 AGN and spiral/starburst galaxies. One-third of the sources detected in hard X-rays do not have a 24 μm counterpart. Two such sources in the LH have SEDs resembling those of S0/elliptical galaxies. The broad variety of SEDs in the optical-to-Spitzer bands of X-ray-selected AGNs means that AGNs selected according to the behavior in the optical/infrared will have to be supplemented by other kinds of data (e.g., X-ray) to produce unbiased samples of AGNs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-159
Number of pages5
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume154
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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spectral energy distribution
x rays
energy
active galactic nuclei
strip
Space Infrared Telescope Facility
starburst galaxies
elliptical galaxies
photometer
spiral galaxies
photometers
cameras
distribution

Keywords

  • Galaxies: active
  • Galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • Infrared: galaxies
  • X-rays: galaxies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Alonso-Herrero, A., Pérez-González, P. G., Rigby, J., Rieke, G. H., Le Floc'h, E., Barmby, P., ... Wilson, G. (2004). The nature of luminous X-ray sources with mid-infrared counterparts. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, 154(1), 155-159. https://doi.org/10.1086/422976

The nature of luminous X-ray sources with mid-infrared counterparts. / Alonso-Herrero, A.; Pérez-González, P. G.; Rigby, J.; Rieke, George H.; Le Floc'h, E.; Barmby, P.; Page, M. J.; Papovich, C.; Dole, H.; Egami, E.; Huang, J. S.; Rigopoulou, D.; Cristóbal-Hornillos, D.; Eliche-Moral, C.; Balcells, M.; Prieto, M.; Erwin, P.; Engelbracht, C. W.; Gordon, K. D.; Werner, M.; Willner, S. P.; Fazio, G. G.; Frayer, D.; Hines, D.; Kelly, D.; Latter, W.; Misselt, K.; Miyazaki, S.; Morrison, J.; Rieke, Marcia J; Wilson, G.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, Vol. 154, No. 1, 09.2004, p. 155-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alonso-Herrero, A, Pérez-González, PG, Rigby, J, Rieke, GH, Le Floc'h, E, Barmby, P, Page, MJ, Papovich, C, Dole, H, Egami, E, Huang, JS, Rigopoulou, D, Cristóbal-Hornillos, D, Eliche-Moral, C, Balcells, M, Prieto, M, Erwin, P, Engelbracht, CW, Gordon, KD, Werner, M, Willner, SP, Fazio, GG, Frayer, D, Hines, D, Kelly, D, Latter, W, Misselt, K, Miyazaki, S, Morrison, J, Rieke, MJ & Wilson, G 2004, 'The nature of luminous X-ray sources with mid-infrared counterparts', Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series, vol. 154, no. 1, pp. 155-159. https://doi.org/10.1086/422976
Alonso-Herrero A, Pérez-González PG, Rigby J, Rieke GH, Le Floc'h E, Barmby P et al. The nature of luminous X-ray sources with mid-infrared counterparts. Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2004 Sep;154(1):155-159. https://doi.org/10.1086/422976
Alonso-Herrero, A. ; Pérez-González, P. G. ; Rigby, J. ; Rieke, George H. ; Le Floc'h, E. ; Barmby, P. ; Page, M. J. ; Papovich, C. ; Dole, H. ; Egami, E. ; Huang, J. S. ; Rigopoulou, D. ; Cristóbal-Hornillos, D. ; Eliche-Moral, C. ; Balcells, M. ; Prieto, M. ; Erwin, P. ; Engelbracht, C. W. ; Gordon, K. D. ; Werner, M. ; Willner, S. P. ; Fazio, G. G. ; Frayer, D. ; Hines, D. ; Kelly, D. ; Latter, W. ; Misselt, K. ; Miyazaki, S. ; Morrison, J. ; Rieke, Marcia J ; Wilson, G. / The nature of luminous X-ray sources with mid-infrared counterparts. In: Astrophysical Journal, Supplement Series. 2004 ; Vol. 154, No. 1. pp. 155-159.
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T1 - The nature of luminous X-ray sources with mid-infrared counterparts

AU - Alonso-Herrero, A.

AU - Pérez-González, P. G.

AU - Rigby, J.

AU - Rieke, George H.

AU - Le Floc'h, E.

AU - Barmby, P.

AU - Page, M. J.

AU - Papovich, C.

AU - Dole, H.

AU - Egami, E.

AU - Huang, J. S.

AU - Rigopoulou, D.

AU - Cristóbal-Hornillos, D.

AU - Eliche-Moral, C.

AU - Balcells, M.

AU - Prieto, M.

AU - Erwin, P.

AU - Engelbracht, C. W.

AU - Gordon, K. D.

AU - Werner, M.

AU - Willner, S. P.

AU - Fazio, G. G.

AU - Frayer, D.

AU - Hines, D.

AU - Kelly, D.

AU - Latter, W.

AU - Misselt, K.

AU - Miyazaki, S.

AU - Morrison, J.

AU - Rieke, Marcia J

AU - Wilson, G.

PY - 2004/9

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N2 - We investigate the luminous X-ray sources in the Lockman Hole (LH) and the extended Groth strip (EGS) detected at 24 μm using the Multiband Imaging Photometer (MIPS) and also with the Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) on board the Spitzer Space Telescope. We assemble optical/infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs) for 45 X-ray/24 μm sources in the EGS and LH. Only about one-quarter of the hard X-ray/24 μm sources show pure type 1 active galactic nucleus (AGN) SEDs. More than half of the X-ray/24 μm sources have stellar emission-dominated or obscured SEDs, similar to those of local type 2 AGN and spiral/starburst galaxies. One-third of the sources detected in hard X-rays do not have a 24 μm counterpart. Two such sources in the LH have SEDs resembling those of S0/elliptical galaxies. The broad variety of SEDs in the optical-to-Spitzer bands of X-ray-selected AGNs means that AGNs selected according to the behavior in the optical/infrared will have to be supplemented by other kinds of data (e.g., X-ray) to produce unbiased samples of AGNs.

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KW - Galaxies: active

KW - Galaxies: fundamental parameters

KW - Infrared: galaxies

KW - X-rays: galaxies

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