The Neonatal Bowel Output Study: indicators of adequate breast milk intake in neonates.

Linda C. Shrago, Elizabeth Reifsnider, Kathleen C Insel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: This study describes the bowel habits of neonates who were exclusively breastfed during the first 14 days following birth to determine whether bowel output (frequency and character) could be used as a proxy measure for adequate breast milk intake. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, descriptive study was conducted. During the 14-day study period, mothers kept a log of their infants' daily naked weight, number of feedings, number of daily bowel movements, and color of all bowel movements. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred thirty-one participants were enrolled in the study; 73 participants completed the study. FINDINGS: Findings indicate that more bowel movements per day during the first 5 days following birth were significantly associated with less initial weight loss, earlier transition to yellow bowel movements, earlier return to birth weight, and heavier weight at 14 days. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that scant bowel output during the first 5 days following birth, or delayed transition of bowel movements to yellow, warrant weighing the infant in a health care professional's office.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-201
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric nursing
Volume32
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2006
Externally publishedYes

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Human Milk
Parturition
Newborn Infant
Weights and Measures
Proxy
Birth Weight
Habits
Weight Loss
Color
Mothers
Prospective Studies
Delivery of Health Care

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The Neonatal Bowel Output Study : indicators of adequate breast milk intake in neonates. / Shrago, Linda C.; Reifsnider, Elizabeth; Insel, Kathleen C.

In: Pediatric nursing, Vol. 32, No. 3, 05.2006, p. 195-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shrago, Linda C. ; Reifsnider, Elizabeth ; Insel, Kathleen C. / The Neonatal Bowel Output Study : indicators of adequate breast milk intake in neonates. In: Pediatric nursing. 2006 ; Vol. 32, No. 3. pp. 195-201.
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