The Nonverbal Bully

Effects of Shouting and Conversational Distance on Bystanders’ Perceptions

Corey A. Pavlich, Stephen A Rains, Chris G Segrin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines how nonverbal behavior in the form of conversational distance and volume impacts bystanders’ perceptions of bullying. After watching a bullying scenario on video, participants completed measures regarding their perceptions of the bully, victim, and intentions to intervene. The results revealed an interaction between distance and volume for perceptions of the bully and victim. When they spoke in a normal conversing volume (i.e., 65 decibels), bullies were perceived to be weaker when they stood closer to victims (i.e., 18 inches apart) than when they stood further away (i.e., 4 feet). Victims were perceived as stronger when bullies stood closer and spoke at a normal volume.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalCommunication Reports
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Apr 28 2017

Fingerprint

exclusion
video
scenario
Bystander
interaction
Bullying
Scenarios
Decibel
Nonverbal Behavior
Interaction
Intentions

Keywords

  • Bullying
  • Nonverbal
  • Paralanguage
  • Proxemics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Communication
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

@article{56faff3eeb5c4e74b6357b96c06a8147,
title = "The Nonverbal Bully: Effects of Shouting and Conversational Distance on Bystanders’ Perceptions",
abstract = "This study examines how nonverbal behavior in the form of conversational distance and volume impacts bystanders’ perceptions of bullying. After watching a bullying scenario on video, participants completed measures regarding their perceptions of the bully, victim, and intentions to intervene. The results revealed an interaction between distance and volume for perceptions of the bully and victim. When they spoke in a normal conversing volume (i.e., 65 decibels), bullies were perceived to be weaker when they stood closer to victims (i.e., 18 inches apart) than when they stood further away (i.e., 4 feet). Victims were perceived as stronger when bullies stood closer and spoke at a normal volume.",
keywords = "Bullying, Nonverbal, Paralanguage, Proxemics",
author = "Pavlich, {Corey A.} and Rains, {Stephen A} and Segrin, {Chris G}",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1080/08934215.2017.1315439",
language = "English (US)",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Communication Reports",
issn = "0893-4215",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Nonverbal Bully

T2 - Effects of Shouting and Conversational Distance on Bystanders’ Perceptions

AU - Pavlich, Corey A.

AU - Rains, Stephen A

AU - Segrin, Chris G

PY - 2017/4/28

Y1 - 2017/4/28

N2 - This study examines how nonverbal behavior in the form of conversational distance and volume impacts bystanders’ perceptions of bullying. After watching a bullying scenario on video, participants completed measures regarding their perceptions of the bully, victim, and intentions to intervene. The results revealed an interaction between distance and volume for perceptions of the bully and victim. When they spoke in a normal conversing volume (i.e., 65 decibels), bullies were perceived to be weaker when they stood closer to victims (i.e., 18 inches apart) than when they stood further away (i.e., 4 feet). Victims were perceived as stronger when bullies stood closer and spoke at a normal volume.

AB - This study examines how nonverbal behavior in the form of conversational distance and volume impacts bystanders’ perceptions of bullying. After watching a bullying scenario on video, participants completed measures regarding their perceptions of the bully, victim, and intentions to intervene. The results revealed an interaction between distance and volume for perceptions of the bully and victim. When they spoke in a normal conversing volume (i.e., 65 decibels), bullies were perceived to be weaker when they stood closer to victims (i.e., 18 inches apart) than when they stood further away (i.e., 4 feet). Victims were perceived as stronger when bullies stood closer and spoke at a normal volume.

KW - Bullying

KW - Nonverbal

KW - Paralanguage

KW - Proxemics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018187650&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018187650&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/08934215.2017.1315439

DO - 10.1080/08934215.2017.1315439

M3 - Article

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Communication Reports

JF - Communication Reports

SN - 0893-4215

ER -