The Palaeoindian-Archaic transition in North America: New evidence from Texas

C. Britt Bousman, Michael B. Collins, Paul Goldberg, Thomas Stafford, Jan Guy, Barry W. Baker, D. Gentry Steele, Marvin Kay, Anne Kerr, Glen Fredlund, Phil Dering, Vance Holliday, Diane Wilson, Wulf Gose, Susan Dial, Paul Takac, Robin Balinsky, Marilyn Masson, Joseph F. Powell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transition from Palaeoindian to Archaic societies in North America is often viewed as a linear progression over a brief but time-transgressive period. New evidence from the Wilson-Leonard site in Texas suggests social experimentation by Palaeoindians over a 2500-year period eventually resulted in Archaic societies. The process was neither short nor linear, and the evidence shows that different but contemporaneous lifeways existed in a variety of locales in the south-central US in the Early Holocene.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)980-990
Number of pages11
JournalAntiquity
Volume76
Issue number294
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2002
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Archaic
  • Cultural transitions
  • Early Holocene
  • North America
  • Palaeoindian
  • Terminal Pleistocene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Bousman, C. B., Collins, M. B., Goldberg, P., Stafford, T., Guy, J., Baker, B. W., Steele, D. G., Kay, M., Kerr, A., Fredlund, G., Dering, P., Holliday, V., Wilson, D., Gose, W., Dial, S., Takac, P., Balinsky, R., Masson, M., & Powell, J. F. (2002). The Palaeoindian-Archaic transition in North America: New evidence from Texas. Antiquity, 76(294), 980-990. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00091791