The physical and photometric properties of high-redshift galaxies in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations

K. Finlator, Romeel S Dave, C. Papovich, L. Hernquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the physical and photometric properties of galaxies at z = 4 in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations of a ACDM universe. We focus on galaxies satisfying the "B dropout" criteria of the Great Observatories Origins DEEP Survey (GOODS). Our simulations predict that high-redshift galaxies show strong correlations in star formation rate (SFR) versus stellar mass, and weaker correlations versus environment and age, such that B dropouts are predicted to be the most massive, most rapidly star-forming galaxies at z = 4, living preferentially in dense regions. The simulated rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF) and integrated luminosity density are in broad agreement with observations at z ∼ 4. The predicted faint-end slope is intrinsically steep but becomes shallower and is in reasonable agreement with data once GOODS selection criteria are imposed. At the bright end, there may be a modest excess of bright, rapidly star-forming galaxies. The predicted rest-frame optical LF is approximately 1 mag brighter than the rest-frame UV LF. We predict that GOODS B dropouts represent less than 50% of the total stellar mass density formed in galaxies more massive than log (M*/M) > 8.7 by z = 4, mainly because of brightness limits in the HSTACS bands. Most of these results are somewhat sensitive to the effects of dust extinction. On average, simulated B dropouts are less metal enriched than observed low-redshift galaxies of similar stellar mass by ≈0.6 dex. Two simulated B dropouts exhibit SFRs exceeding 1000 M yr-1, similar to observed submillimeter galaxies. These galaxies are quite massive but are not undergoing starbursts; their SFRs only mildly exceed (by ∼2-3 times) the SFRs that would be expected for their stellar mass. Finally, the overall distribution of dust reddening and mean stellar age may be constrained from color-color plots although the specific value for each galaxy cannot.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)672-694
Number of pages23
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume639
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2006

Fingerprint

physical properties
hydrodynamics
galaxies
dropouts
observatory
simulation
stellar mass
dust
luminosity
observatories
extinction
metal
color
stars
star formation rate
brightness
universe
plots
slopes
metals

Keywords

  • Cosmology: theory
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation galaxies: high-redshift
  • Galaxies: photometry
  • Galaxies: stellar content

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

The physical and photometric properties of high-redshift galaxies in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations. / Finlator, K.; Dave, Romeel S; Papovich, C.; Hernquist, L.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 639, No. 2 I, 10.03.2006, p. 672-694.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We study the physical and photometric properties of galaxies at z = 4 in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations of a ACDM universe. We focus on galaxies satisfying the {"}B dropout{"} criteria of the Great Observatories Origins DEEP Survey (GOODS). Our simulations predict that high-redshift galaxies show strong correlations in star formation rate (SFR) versus stellar mass, and weaker correlations versus environment and age, such that B dropouts are predicted to be the most massive, most rapidly star-forming galaxies at z = 4, living preferentially in dense regions. The simulated rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF) and integrated luminosity density are in broad agreement with observations at z ∼ 4. The predicted faint-end slope is intrinsically steep but becomes shallower and is in reasonable agreement with data once GOODS selection criteria are imposed. At the bright end, there may be a modest excess of bright, rapidly star-forming galaxies. The predicted rest-frame optical LF is approximately 1 mag brighter than the rest-frame UV LF. We predict that GOODS B dropouts represent less than 50{\%} of the total stellar mass density formed in galaxies more massive than log (M*/M⊙) > 8.7 by z = 4, mainly because of brightness limits in the HSTACS bands. Most of these results are somewhat sensitive to the effects of dust extinction. On average, simulated B dropouts are less metal enriched than observed low-redshift galaxies of similar stellar mass by ≈0.6 dex. Two simulated B dropouts exhibit SFRs exceeding 1000 M⊙ yr-1, similar to observed submillimeter galaxies. These galaxies are quite massive but are not undergoing starbursts; their SFRs only mildly exceed (by ∼2-3 times) the SFRs that would be expected for their stellar mass. Finally, the overall distribution of dust reddening and mean stellar age may be constrained from color-color plots although the specific value for each galaxy cannot.",
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N2 - We study the physical and photometric properties of galaxies at z = 4 in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations of a ACDM universe. We focus on galaxies satisfying the "B dropout" criteria of the Great Observatories Origins DEEP Survey (GOODS). Our simulations predict that high-redshift galaxies show strong correlations in star formation rate (SFR) versus stellar mass, and weaker correlations versus environment and age, such that B dropouts are predicted to be the most massive, most rapidly star-forming galaxies at z = 4, living preferentially in dense regions. The simulated rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF) and integrated luminosity density are in broad agreement with observations at z ∼ 4. The predicted faint-end slope is intrinsically steep but becomes shallower and is in reasonable agreement with data once GOODS selection criteria are imposed. At the bright end, there may be a modest excess of bright, rapidly star-forming galaxies. The predicted rest-frame optical LF is approximately 1 mag brighter than the rest-frame UV LF. We predict that GOODS B dropouts represent less than 50% of the total stellar mass density formed in galaxies more massive than log (M*/M⊙) > 8.7 by z = 4, mainly because of brightness limits in the HSTACS bands. Most of these results are somewhat sensitive to the effects of dust extinction. On average, simulated B dropouts are less metal enriched than observed low-redshift galaxies of similar stellar mass by ≈0.6 dex. Two simulated B dropouts exhibit SFRs exceeding 1000 M⊙ yr-1, similar to observed submillimeter galaxies. These galaxies are quite massive but are not undergoing starbursts; their SFRs only mildly exceed (by ∼2-3 times) the SFRs that would be expected for their stellar mass. Finally, the overall distribution of dust reddening and mean stellar age may be constrained from color-color plots although the specific value for each galaxy cannot.

AB - We study the physical and photometric properties of galaxies at z = 4 in cosmological hydrodynamic simulations of a ACDM universe. We focus on galaxies satisfying the "B dropout" criteria of the Great Observatories Origins DEEP Survey (GOODS). Our simulations predict that high-redshift galaxies show strong correlations in star formation rate (SFR) versus stellar mass, and weaker correlations versus environment and age, such that B dropouts are predicted to be the most massive, most rapidly star-forming galaxies at z = 4, living preferentially in dense regions. The simulated rest-frame UV luminosity function (LF) and integrated luminosity density are in broad agreement with observations at z ∼ 4. The predicted faint-end slope is intrinsically steep but becomes shallower and is in reasonable agreement with data once GOODS selection criteria are imposed. At the bright end, there may be a modest excess of bright, rapidly star-forming galaxies. The predicted rest-frame optical LF is approximately 1 mag brighter than the rest-frame UV LF. We predict that GOODS B dropouts represent less than 50% of the total stellar mass density formed in galaxies more massive than log (M*/M⊙) > 8.7 by z = 4, mainly because of brightness limits in the HSTACS bands. Most of these results are somewhat sensitive to the effects of dust extinction. On average, simulated B dropouts are less metal enriched than observed low-redshift galaxies of similar stellar mass by ≈0.6 dex. Two simulated B dropouts exhibit SFRs exceeding 1000 M⊙ yr-1, similar to observed submillimeter galaxies. These galaxies are quite massive but are not undergoing starbursts; their SFRs only mildly exceed (by ∼2-3 times) the SFRs that would be expected for their stellar mass. Finally, the overall distribution of dust reddening and mean stellar age may be constrained from color-color plots although the specific value for each galaxy cannot.

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KW - Galaxies: evolution

KW - Galaxies: formation galaxies: high-redshift

KW - Galaxies: photometry

KW - Galaxies: stellar content

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