The Pol β-14 dominant negative rat DNA polymerase β mutator mutant commits errors during the gap-filling step of base excision repair in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Caroline A. Clairmont, Joann B. Sweasy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrated recently that dominant negative mutants of rat DNA polymerase β (Pol β) interfere with repair of alkylation damage in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To identify the alkylation repair pathway that is disrupted by the Pol β dominant negative mutants, we studied the epistatic relationship of the dominant negative Pol β mutants to genes known to be involved in repair of DNA alkylation damage in S. cerevisiae. We demonstrate that the rat Pol β mutants interfere with the base excision repair pathway in S. cerevisiae. In addition, expression of one of the Pol β dominant negative mutants, Pol β-14, increases the spontaneous mutation rate of S. cerevisiae whereas expression of another Pol β dominant negative mutant, Pol β-TR, does not. Expression of the Pol β-14 mutant in cells lacking APN1 activity does not result in an increase in the spontaneous mutation rate. These results suggest that gaps are required for mutagenesis to occur in the presence of Pol β-14 but that it is not merely the presence of a gap that results in mutagenesis. Our results suggest that mutagenesis can occur during the gap-filling step of base excision repair in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2292-2297
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume180
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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