The power of suggestion: Another examination of misattribution and insomnia

Richard R Bootzin, C. Peter Herman, Perry Nicassio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attempted to replicate and delimit the reverse placebo effect found by M. D. Storms and R. E. Nisbett (see record) in 48 paid insomniacs (age range, 17-58 yrs). It was predicted that the reverse placebo effect would obtain when the pills' effects were described as affecting arousal (as in Storms and Nisbett's study) but that a direct suggestion effect would result when the pills were described as directly affecting sleep onset latency. Findings indicate that direct suggestion effects obtained regardless of the focus of the instructions. The present investigation, together with the results of R. Kellogg and R. S. Baron (1975) call into question the reliability and clinical significance of the reverse placebo effect in the treatment of insomnia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-679
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1976
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Placebo Effect
Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
examination
Arousal
Sleep
sleep
Power (Psychology)
instruction
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • R. E. Nisbett's study
  • suggestions describing arousal as pill effect vs pill as relaxant, reverse placebo effects, insomniacs, extension of M. D. Storms &

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

The power of suggestion : Another examination of misattribution and insomnia. / Bootzin, Richard R; Herman, C. Peter; Nicassio, Perry.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 34, No. 4, 10.1976, p. 673-679.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c855c9944b3942cabd6f3928c647d4b9,
title = "The power of suggestion: Another examination of misattribution and insomnia",
abstract = "Attempted to replicate and delimit the reverse placebo effect found by M. D. Storms and R. E. Nisbett (see record) in 48 paid insomniacs (age range, 17-58 yrs). It was predicted that the reverse placebo effect would obtain when the pills' effects were described as affecting arousal (as in Storms and Nisbett's study) but that a direct suggestion effect would result when the pills were described as directly affecting sleep onset latency. Findings indicate that direct suggestion effects obtained regardless of the focus of the instructions. The present investigation, together with the results of R. Kellogg and R. S. Baron (1975) call into question the reliability and clinical significance of the reverse placebo effect in the treatment of insomnia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).",
keywords = "R. E. Nisbett's study, suggestions describing arousal as pill effect vs pill as relaxant, reverse placebo effects, insomniacs, extension of M. D. Storms &",
author = "Bootzin, {Richard R} and Herman, {C. Peter} and Perry Nicassio",
year = "1976",
month = "10",
doi = "10.1037/0022-3514.34.4.673",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "34",
pages = "673--679",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The power of suggestion

T2 - Another examination of misattribution and insomnia

AU - Bootzin, Richard R

AU - Herman, C. Peter

AU - Nicassio, Perry

PY - 1976/10

Y1 - 1976/10

N2 - Attempted to replicate and delimit the reverse placebo effect found by M. D. Storms and R. E. Nisbett (see record) in 48 paid insomniacs (age range, 17-58 yrs). It was predicted that the reverse placebo effect would obtain when the pills' effects were described as affecting arousal (as in Storms and Nisbett's study) but that a direct suggestion effect would result when the pills were described as directly affecting sleep onset latency. Findings indicate that direct suggestion effects obtained regardless of the focus of the instructions. The present investigation, together with the results of R. Kellogg and R. S. Baron (1975) call into question the reliability and clinical significance of the reverse placebo effect in the treatment of insomnia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

AB - Attempted to replicate and delimit the reverse placebo effect found by M. D. Storms and R. E. Nisbett (see record) in 48 paid insomniacs (age range, 17-58 yrs). It was predicted that the reverse placebo effect would obtain when the pills' effects were described as affecting arousal (as in Storms and Nisbett's study) but that a direct suggestion effect would result when the pills were described as directly affecting sleep onset latency. Findings indicate that direct suggestion effects obtained regardless of the focus of the instructions. The present investigation, together with the results of R. Kellogg and R. S. Baron (1975) call into question the reliability and clinical significance of the reverse placebo effect in the treatment of insomnia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

KW - R. E. Nisbett's study

KW - suggestions describing arousal as pill effect vs pill as relaxant, reverse placebo effects, insomniacs, extension of M. D. Storms &

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0017009666&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0017009666&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-3514.34.4.673

DO - 10.1037/0022-3514.34.4.673

M3 - Article

C2 - 993978

AN - SCOPUS:0017009666

VL - 34

SP - 673

EP - 679

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 4

ER -