The Prevalence of Nightmares and Their Independence From Anxiety

James M. Wood, Richard R Bootzin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although several studies have examined the prevalence of nightmares and their relationship to anxiety, this is the first to have used daily dream logs, rather than retrospective self-reports, to monitor nightmare frequency. 220 undergraduates were administered self-report measures of anxiety and for 2 weeks recorded the number of their nightmares in logs. 47% of Ss reported at least one nightmare during the study period. The dream logs yielded an estimated mean annual nightmare frequency of 23.6, which is 2.5 times as great as the estimate yielded by retrospective reports (p < .01). Nightmare frequency and anxiety were uncorrelated. The findings indicate that nightmares are more prevalent than has been reported, and their frequency unrelated to self-reported anxiety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-68
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume99
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1990

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Self Report

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

The Prevalence of Nightmares and Their Independence From Anxiety. / Wood, James M.; Bootzin, Richard R.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 99, No. 1, 02.1990, p. 64-68.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9de728c9b34c4ddc848702e514829ae8,
title = "The Prevalence of Nightmares and Their Independence From Anxiety",
abstract = "Although several studies have examined the prevalence of nightmares and their relationship to anxiety, this is the first to have used daily dream logs, rather than retrospective self-reports, to monitor nightmare frequency. 220 undergraduates were administered self-report measures of anxiety and for 2 weeks recorded the number of their nightmares in logs. 47{\%} of Ss reported at least one nightmare during the study period. The dream logs yielded an estimated mean annual nightmare frequency of 23.6, which is 2.5 times as great as the estimate yielded by retrospective reports (p < .01). Nightmare frequency and anxiety were uncorrelated. The findings indicate that nightmares are more prevalent than has been reported, and their frequency unrelated to self-reported anxiety.",
author = "Wood, {James M.} and Bootzin, {Richard R}",
year = "1990",
month = "2",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "99",
pages = "64--68",
journal = "Journal of Abnormal Psychology",
issn = "0021-843X",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Prevalence of Nightmares and Their Independence From Anxiety

AU - Wood, James M.

AU - Bootzin, Richard R

PY - 1990/2

Y1 - 1990/2

N2 - Although several studies have examined the prevalence of nightmares and their relationship to anxiety, this is the first to have used daily dream logs, rather than retrospective self-reports, to monitor nightmare frequency. 220 undergraduates were administered self-report measures of anxiety and for 2 weeks recorded the number of their nightmares in logs. 47% of Ss reported at least one nightmare during the study period. The dream logs yielded an estimated mean annual nightmare frequency of 23.6, which is 2.5 times as great as the estimate yielded by retrospective reports (p < .01). Nightmare frequency and anxiety were uncorrelated. The findings indicate that nightmares are more prevalent than has been reported, and their frequency unrelated to self-reported anxiety.

AB - Although several studies have examined the prevalence of nightmares and their relationship to anxiety, this is the first to have used daily dream logs, rather than retrospective self-reports, to monitor nightmare frequency. 220 undergraduates were administered self-report measures of anxiety and for 2 weeks recorded the number of their nightmares in logs. 47% of Ss reported at least one nightmare during the study period. The dream logs yielded an estimated mean annual nightmare frequency of 23.6, which is 2.5 times as great as the estimate yielded by retrospective reports (p < .01). Nightmare frequency and anxiety were uncorrelated. The findings indicate that nightmares are more prevalent than has been reported, and their frequency unrelated to self-reported anxiety.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025261096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025261096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 99

SP - 64

EP - 68

JO - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

JF - Journal of Abnormal Psychology

SN - 0021-843X

IS - 1

ER -