A detailed study has been carried out to investigate the possibility of recovering vanadium by resin ion exchange from acid sulfate solutions containing 10 mg/l vanadium. In particular the recovery of vanadium by an anion exchange resin, Dowex 21K, has been investigated. Batch loading tests have been carried out to elucidate the role of Eh and pH on vanadium loading. An Eh-pH diagram has been constructed to determine the most stable vanadium species in solution at different Eh and pH conditions, and this information has been used to explain and predict the loading of vanadium onto the anion exchange resin. Kinetic data have been obtained for the loading of vanadium at different pH values. A film diffusion model has been found to fit the experimental data gathered at pH 4.0, while a particle diffusion model seems to offer a better fit to the experimental data at pH 2.0.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry