The Relationships Between BNP and Neurocardiac Injury Severity, Noninvasive Cardiac Output, and Outcomes After Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Amber McAteer, Marilyn Hravnak, Yuefang Chang, Elizabeth A. Crago, Matthew J Gallek, Khalil M. Yousef

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Introduction: Neurocardiac injury, a type of myocardial dysfunction associated with neurological insult to the brain, occurs in 31–48% of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) patients. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is commonly used to diagnose neurocardiac injury. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), another cardiac marker, is more often used to evaluate degree of heart failure. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between BNP and (a) neurocardiac injury severity according to cTnI, (b) noninvasive continuous cardiac output (NCCO), and (c) outcomes in aSAH patients. Method: This descriptive longitudinal study enrolled 30 adult aSAH patients. Data collected included BNP and cTnI levels and NCCO parameters for 14 days and outcomes (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] and mortality) at discharge and 3 months. Generalized estimating equations were used to evaluate associations between BNP and cTnI, NCCO, and outcomes. Results: BNP was significantly associated with cTnI. For every 1 unit increase in log BNP, cTnI increased by 0.05 ng/ml (p =.001). Among NCCO parameters, BNP was significantly associated with thoracic fluid content (p =.0003). On multivariable analyses, significant associations were found between BNP and poor mRS. For every 1 unit increase in log BNP, patients were 3.16 times more likely to have a poor mRS at discharge (p =.021) and 5.40 times more likely at 3 months (p <.0001). Conclusion: There were significant relationships between BNP and cTnI and poor outcomes after aSAH. BNP may have utility as a marker of neurocardiac injury and outcomes after aSAH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-537
Number of pages7
JournalBiological Research for Nursing
Volume19
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017

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Keywords

  • aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage
  • brain natriuretic peptide
  • cardiac troponin I
  • neurocardiac injury
  • noninvasive cardiac output

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory

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