The role of cognitive versus emotional intelligence in Iowa Gambling Task performance: What's emotion got to do with it?

Christian A. Webb, Sophie DelDonno, William D.S. Killgore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Debate persists regarding the relative role of cognitive versus emotional processes in driving successful performance on the widely used Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). From the time of its initial development, patterns of IGT performance were commonly interpreted as primarily reflecting implicit, emotion-based processes. Surprisingly, little research has tried to directly compare the extent to which measures tapping relevant cognitive versus emotional competencies predict IGT performance in the same study. The current investigation attempts to address this question by comparing patterns of associations between IGT performance, cognitive intelligence (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence; WASI) and three commonly employed measures of emotional intelligence (EI; Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, MSCEIT; Bar-On Emotional Quotient Inventory, EQ-i; Self-Rated Emotional Intelligence Scale, SREIS). Results indicated that IGT performance was more strongly associated with cognitive, than emotional, intelligence. To the extent that the IGT indeed mimics "real-world" decision-making, our findings, coupled with the results of existing research, may highlight the role of deliberate, cognitive capacities over implicit, emotional processes in contributing to at least some domains of decision-making relevant to everyday life.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)112-119
Number of pages8
JournalIntelligence
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Decision-making
  • Emotional intelligence
  • Intelligence quotient
  • Iowa gambling task

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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