Laparoscopic lymphadenectomy was performed on 18 patients with invasive carcinoma of the cervix prior to definitive radiation therapy and/or radical hysterectomy. Ten patients underwent pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomies prior to planned radiotherapy. Two of these patients had grossly positive pelvic nodes, and one had a microscopically positive para-aortic node. Eight patients with early disease were considered candidates for radical hysterectomy and underwent laparoscopic lymphadenectomy. Three of these patients were found to have positive pelvic lymph nodes and the hysterectomy was abandoned. Five patients underwent radical hysterectomies immediately following their laparoscopic procedures. The average number of lymph nodes removed laparoscopically in these patients was 31.4; the average number of additional lymph nodes resected at laparotomy with the radical hysterectomy was 2.8. A single microscopically positive parametrial lymph node was found on permanent section in 1 patient with radical hysterectomy. No significant complications were associated with the laparoscopic lymphadenectomies. Nine of the 13 patients who underwent laparoscopic procedures only were discharged on Postoperative Day 1. The ability to perform pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy allows for complete surgical staging of carcinoma of the cervix laparoscopically.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology