The role of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion in sagittal balance correction and spinal deformity

Giuseppe Costanzo, Carmine Zoccali, Philip Maykowski, Christina M. Walter, Jesse Skoch, Ali A. Baaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations


Purpose The recent proliferation of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) techniques has drawn attention to potential for these techniques to control or correct sagittal misalignment in adult spinal deformity. We systemically reviewed published studies related to LLIF use in adult spinal deformity treatment with emphasis on radiographic assessment of sagittal balance.Methods A literature review was conducted to examine studies focusing on sagittal balance restoration in adult degenerative scoliosis with the LLIF approach. Results Fourteen publications, 12 retrospective and 2 prospective, reported data regarding lumbar lordosis correction (1,266 levels in 476 patients) but only two measured global sagittal alignment.Conclusion LLIF appears to be especially effective when the lumbar lordosis and sagittal balance correction goals are less than 10_ and 5 cm, respectively. However, the review demonstrated a lack of consistent reporting on sagittal balance restoration with the MIS LLIF techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S699-S704
JournalEuropean Spine Journal
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014



  • Degenerative lumbar scoliosis
  • Intervertebral disk degeneration
  • LLIF
  • Lateral interbody fusion
  • Lumbar lordosis correction
  • Sagittal balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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