The role of peer victimization, sexual identity, and gender on unhealthy weight control behaviors in a representative sample of Texas youth

Jessica Pistella, Salvatore Ioverno, Stephen T Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the study is to examine the association between victimization and unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB), accounting for other key correlates of UWCB while considering the moderating role of sexual identity and gender. Method: This study used data from the 2017 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a representative sample of students in grades 9–12 in the U.S. state of Texas, including 2,067 students (1,754 heterosexuals and 313 sexual minorities). We used survey-weighted logistic regression to examine the association of sexual identity, gender, and victimization (dating violence, cyberbullying, and school bullying) with UWCB, after adjusting for demographic information and indicators of weight, physical activity, and support from adults. Results: Unhealthy weight control behaviors were associated with older age, being obese, lack of support from adults, low physical activity, and cyberbullying. A significant three-way interaction between gender, sexual identity and bullying showed that bullying was associated with high levels of UWCB among sexual minority males. Discussion: Our study highlights the role of victimization in health behaviors for stigmatized groups, and the importance of school efforts to implement an equitable and safe learning environment for all students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Behavior Control
Crime Victims
Bullying
Weights and Measures
Students
Exercise
Heterosexuality
Health Behavior
Risk-Taking
Logistic Models
Demography
Learning

Keywords

  • adults' support
  • obesity
  • physical activity
  • sexual minorities
  • unhealthy weight control behaviors
  • victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

@article{ff4b59a8f15c41e9aa975f015796fb63,
title = "The role of peer victimization, sexual identity, and gender on unhealthy weight control behaviors in a representative sample of Texas youth",
abstract = "Objective: The aim of the study is to examine the association between victimization and unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB), accounting for other key correlates of UWCB while considering the moderating role of sexual identity and gender. Method: This study used data from the 2017 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a representative sample of students in grades 9–12 in the U.S. state of Texas, including 2,067 students (1,754 heterosexuals and 313 sexual minorities). We used survey-weighted logistic regression to examine the association of sexual identity, gender, and victimization (dating violence, cyberbullying, and school bullying) with UWCB, after adjusting for demographic information and indicators of weight, physical activity, and support from adults. Results: Unhealthy weight control behaviors were associated with older age, being obese, lack of support from adults, low physical activity, and cyberbullying. A significant three-way interaction between gender, sexual identity and bullying showed that bullying was associated with high levels of UWCB among sexual minority males. Discussion: Our study highlights the role of victimization in health behaviors for stigmatized groups, and the importance of school efforts to implement an equitable and safe learning environment for all students.",
keywords = "adults' support, obesity, physical activity, sexual minorities, unhealthy weight control behaviors, victimization",
author = "Jessica Pistella and Salvatore Ioverno and Russell, {Stephen T}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/eat.23055",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "International Journal of Eating Disorders",
issn = "0276-3478",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of peer victimization, sexual identity, and gender on unhealthy weight control behaviors in a representative sample of Texas youth

AU - Pistella, Jessica

AU - Ioverno, Salvatore

AU - Russell, Stephen T

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: The aim of the study is to examine the association between victimization and unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB), accounting for other key correlates of UWCB while considering the moderating role of sexual identity and gender. Method: This study used data from the 2017 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a representative sample of students in grades 9–12 in the U.S. state of Texas, including 2,067 students (1,754 heterosexuals and 313 sexual minorities). We used survey-weighted logistic regression to examine the association of sexual identity, gender, and victimization (dating violence, cyberbullying, and school bullying) with UWCB, after adjusting for demographic information and indicators of weight, physical activity, and support from adults. Results: Unhealthy weight control behaviors were associated with older age, being obese, lack of support from adults, low physical activity, and cyberbullying. A significant three-way interaction between gender, sexual identity and bullying showed that bullying was associated with high levels of UWCB among sexual minority males. Discussion: Our study highlights the role of victimization in health behaviors for stigmatized groups, and the importance of school efforts to implement an equitable and safe learning environment for all students.

AB - Objective: The aim of the study is to examine the association between victimization and unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCB), accounting for other key correlates of UWCB while considering the moderating role of sexual identity and gender. Method: This study used data from the 2017 Texas Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), a representative sample of students in grades 9–12 in the U.S. state of Texas, including 2,067 students (1,754 heterosexuals and 313 sexual minorities). We used survey-weighted logistic regression to examine the association of sexual identity, gender, and victimization (dating violence, cyberbullying, and school bullying) with UWCB, after adjusting for demographic information and indicators of weight, physical activity, and support from adults. Results: Unhealthy weight control behaviors were associated with older age, being obese, lack of support from adults, low physical activity, and cyberbullying. A significant three-way interaction between gender, sexual identity and bullying showed that bullying was associated with high levels of UWCB among sexual minority males. Discussion: Our study highlights the role of victimization in health behaviors for stigmatized groups, and the importance of school efforts to implement an equitable and safe learning environment for all students.

KW - adults' support

KW - obesity

KW - physical activity

KW - sexual minorities

KW - unhealthy weight control behaviors

KW - victimization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062331139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85062331139&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/eat.23055

DO - 10.1002/eat.23055

M3 - Article

C2 - 30805974

AN - SCOPUS:85062331139

JO - International Journal of Eating Disorders

JF - International Journal of Eating Disorders

SN - 0276-3478

ER -