The scale of soil investigations in archaeology

Vance T Holliday, C. R. Ferring, P. Goldberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil science (particularly pedology) and archaeology are closely allied in their temporal and spatial scales, and among the earth sciences, pedology is most similar to archaeology in operational and processual scales. These similarities in scale are apparent in both regional and site-specific studies. At large (regional) scales, soil stratigraphy has long been used in archaeology for correlating sites and for dating. Soil-geomorphic investigations also are compatible in scale to regional archaeological investigations, focusing on dating, environmental reconstruction, and landscape evolution,. Soil micromorphology (soil petrography) is also useful for regional geomorphic and archaeologic studies, including investigations of sediment provenance, landscape evolution, environmental reconstructions, and agricultural development. At small (site-specific) scales, the focus of pedology - the soil profile - is similar in scale to many archaeological sites (tens of centimeters to a few meters thick) and the scale of many pedological features is similar to that of archaeological features (a few millimeters to tens of centimeters). -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEffects of scale on archaeological and geoscientific perspectives
EditorsJ.K. Stein, A.R. Linse
PublisherGeological Society of America; Special Paper, 283
Pages29-37
Number of pages9
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

archaeology
pedology
landscape evolution
pedological feature
soil
micromorphology
agricultural development
Earth science
soil science
petrography
provenance
soil profile
stratigraphy
sediment
dating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Holliday, V. T., Ferring, C. R., & Goldberg, P. (1993). The scale of soil investigations in archaeology. In J. K. Stein, & A. R. Linse (Eds.), Effects of scale on archaeological and geoscientific perspectives (pp. 29-37). Geological Society of America; Special Paper, 283.

The scale of soil investigations in archaeology. / Holliday, Vance T; Ferring, C. R.; Goldberg, P.

Effects of scale on archaeological and geoscientific perspectives. ed. / J.K. Stein; A.R. Linse. Geological Society of America; Special Paper, 283, 1993. p. 29-37.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Holliday, VT, Ferring, CR & Goldberg, P 1993, The scale of soil investigations in archaeology. in JK Stein & AR Linse (eds), Effects of scale on archaeological and geoscientific perspectives. Geological Society of America; Special Paper, 283, pp. 29-37.
Holliday VT, Ferring CR, Goldberg P. The scale of soil investigations in archaeology. In Stein JK, Linse AR, editors, Effects of scale on archaeological and geoscientific perspectives. Geological Society of America; Special Paper, 283. 1993. p. 29-37
Holliday, Vance T ; Ferring, C. R. ; Goldberg, P. / The scale of soil investigations in archaeology. Effects of scale on archaeological and geoscientific perspectives. editor / J.K. Stein ; A.R. Linse. Geological Society of America; Special Paper, 283, 1993. pp. 29-37
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