The SENSE Study: Post Intervention Effects of a Randomized Controlled Trial of a Cognitive-Behavioral and Mindfulness-Based Group Sleep Improvement Intervention among At-Risk Adolescents

Matthew Blake, Joanna M. Waloszek, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Julian G. Simmons, Laura Blake, Greg Murray, Ronald E. Dahl, Richard Bootzin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B. Allen

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32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Sleep problems are a major risk factor for the emergence of mental health problems in adolescence. The aim of this study was to investigate the post intervention effects of a cognitive-behavioral/mindfulness-based group sleep intervention on sleep and mental health among at-risk adolescents. Method: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted across High schools in Melbourne, Australia. One hundred forty-four adolescents (aged 12-17 years) with high levels of anxiety and sleeping difficulties, but without past or current depressive disorder, were randomized into either a sleep improvement intervention or an active control 'study skills' intervention. Both programs consisted of 7 90-min-long group sessions delivered over 7 weeks. One hundred twenty-three participants began the interventions (female - 60%; mean age - 14.48, SD - 0.95), with 60 in the sleep condition and 63 in the control condition. All participants were required to complete a battery of mood and sleep questionnaires, 7 days of wrist actigraphy (an objective measure of sleep), and sleep diary entry at pre-and-post intervention. Results: The sleep intervention condition was associated with significantly greater improvements in subjective sleep (global sleep quality [with a medium effect size], sleep onset latency, daytime sleepiness [with small effect sizes]), objective sleep (sleep onset latency [with a medium effect size]), and anxiety (with a small effect size) compared with the control intervention condition. Conclusion: The SENSE study provides evidence that a multicomponent group sleep intervention that includes cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based therapies can reduce sleep initiation problems and related daytime dysfunction, along with concomitant anxiety symptoms, among at-risk adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1051
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of consulting and clinical psychology
Volume84
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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