The sensory basis of avoidance responding in the rat. Relative dominance of auditory or visual warning signals and safety signals

William J Jacobs, Vincent M. LoLordo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three experiments determined the relative degree of stimulus control exerted by the elements of a compound auditory-visual stimulus when this stimulus was presented in various temporal relationships to a barpress avoidance response. When the compound discriminative stimulus for barpress avoidance responding consisted of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the white noise always exerted dominant control. When the compound discriminative stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, neither element controlled avoidance responding. On the other hand, when a barpress avoidance response produced a compound feedback stimulus consisting of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the visual element always exerted dominant control. When the compound feedback stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, both elements exerted stimulus control.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)448-466
Number of pages19
JournalLearning and Motivation
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1977
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

stimulus
Safety
Light
Darkness
experiment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Cite this

The sensory basis of avoidance responding in the rat. Relative dominance of auditory or visual warning signals and safety signals. / Jacobs, William J; LoLordo, Vincent M.

In: Learning and Motivation, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1977, p. 448-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bd1ba9f0c96841d885fb2d9758ad23b5,
title = "The sensory basis of avoidance responding in the rat. Relative dominance of auditory or visual warning signals and safety signals",
abstract = "Three experiments determined the relative degree of stimulus control exerted by the elements of a compound auditory-visual stimulus when this stimulus was presented in various temporal relationships to a barpress avoidance response. When the compound discriminative stimulus for barpress avoidance responding consisted of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the white noise always exerted dominant control. When the compound discriminative stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, neither element controlled avoidance responding. On the other hand, when a barpress avoidance response produced a compound feedback stimulus consisting of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the visual element always exerted dominant control. When the compound feedback stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, both elements exerted stimulus control.",
author = "Jacobs, {William J} and LoLordo, {Vincent M.}",
year = "1977",
doi = "10.1016/0023-9690(77)90045-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "448--466",
journal = "Learning and Motivation",
issn = "0023-9690",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The sensory basis of avoidance responding in the rat. Relative dominance of auditory or visual warning signals and safety signals

AU - Jacobs, William J

AU - LoLordo, Vincent M.

PY - 1977

Y1 - 1977

N2 - Three experiments determined the relative degree of stimulus control exerted by the elements of a compound auditory-visual stimulus when this stimulus was presented in various temporal relationships to a barpress avoidance response. When the compound discriminative stimulus for barpress avoidance responding consisted of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the white noise always exerted dominant control. When the compound discriminative stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, neither element controlled avoidance responding. On the other hand, when a barpress avoidance response produced a compound feedback stimulus consisting of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the visual element always exerted dominant control. When the compound feedback stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, both elements exerted stimulus control.

AB - Three experiments determined the relative degree of stimulus control exerted by the elements of a compound auditory-visual stimulus when this stimulus was presented in various temporal relationships to a barpress avoidance response. When the compound discriminative stimulus for barpress avoidance responding consisted of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the white noise always exerted dominant control. When the compound discriminative stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, neither element controlled avoidance responding. On the other hand, when a barpress avoidance response produced a compound feedback stimulus consisting of onset of white noise and onset of either light or darkness, the visual element always exerted dominant control. When the compound feedback stimulus consisted of offset of white noise and onset of light, both elements exerted stimulus control.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=8044224872&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=8044224872&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0023-9690(77)90045-5

DO - 10.1016/0023-9690(77)90045-5

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:8044224872

VL - 8

SP - 448

EP - 466

JO - Learning and Motivation

JF - Learning and Motivation

SN - 0023-9690

IS - 4

ER -