The stability of L-phenylalanine mustard in bile

S. Y. Chang, T. L. Evans, D. S. Alberts, I. G. Sipes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


L-phenylalanine mustard (L-PAM) was incubated at 37° C in bile of bovine, canine and human origin. Recovery rate constants of L-PAM from bile were 0.1/hr for canine bile (0-3 hours); 0.18/hr for bovine bile; 0.45/hr for human bile. No significant hydrolysis of L-PAM in canine bile was noted for the period of 3 to 6 hours at 37° C. The incubation of L-PAM in sodium taurocholate solution (1000 molar excess) gave a recovery rate constant 0.15/hr at 37° C. However, the incubation of L-PAM in bilirubin solution (2.5 mg/ml H2O) gave a recovery rate constant of 0.52/hr at 37° C. The high concentration of the parent compound L-PAM seen in vivo in canine bile after i.v. administration may be related to its low in vitro degradation rate in canine bile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1697-1701
Number of pages5
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number16
StatePublished - Oct 23 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


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