The status and future of the third interplanetary network

K. Hurley, T. Cline, I. G. Mitrofanov, D. Golovin, M. L. Litvak, A. B. Sanin, William V. Boynton, C. Fellows, K. Harshman, R. Starr, S. Golenetskii, R. Aptekar, E. Mazets, V. Pal'shin, D. Frederiks, D. M. Smith, C. Wigger, W. Hajdas, A. Zehnder, A. Von Kienlin & 18 others G. G. Lichti, A. Rau, K. Yamaoka, M. Ohno, Y. Fukazawa, T. Takahashi, M. Tashiro, Y. Terada, T. Murakami, K. Makishima, S. Barthelmy, J. Cummings, N. Gehrels, H. Krimm, J. Goldsten, E. Del Monte, M. Feroci, M. Marisaldi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 3rd interplanetary network (IPN), which has been in operation since 1990, presently consists of 9 spacecraft: AGILE, RHESSI, Suzaku, and Swift, in low Earth orbit; INTEGRAL, in eccentric Earth orbit with apogee 0.5 light-seconds; Wind, up to ∼7 light-seconds from Earth; MESSENGER, en route to Mercury; and Mars Odyssey, in orbit around Mars. Ulysses and HETE have ceased operations, and the Fermi GBM is being incorporated into the network. The IPN operates as a full-time, all-sky monitor for transients down to a threshold of about 6x10-7 erg cm-2 or 1 photon cm-2 s -1. It detects about 275 cosmic gamma-ray bursts per year. These events are generally not the same ones detected by narrower field of view imaging instruments such as Swift, INTEGRAL IBIS, and SuperAGILE; the localization accuracy is in the several arcminute and above range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages55-57
Number of pages3
Volume1133
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
Event6th Huntsville Symposium on Gamma-Ray Bursts - Huntsville, AL, United States
Duration: Oct 20 2008Oct 23 2008

Other

Other6th Huntsville Symposium on Gamma-Ray Bursts
CountryUnited States
CityHuntsville, AL
Period10/20/0810/23/08

Fingerprint

mars
MESSENGER (spacecraft)
eccentric orbits
Earth orbits
low Earth orbits
gamma ray bursts
field of view
sky
monitors
spacecraft
routes
orbits
thresholds
photons

Keywords

  • Gamma-rays: Bursts
  • Instrumentation: Detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Hurley, K., Cline, T., Mitrofanov, I. G., Golovin, D., Litvak, M. L., Sanin, A. B., ... Marisaldi, M. (2009). The status and future of the third interplanetary network. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1133, pp. 55-57) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3155966

The status and future of the third interplanetary network. / Hurley, K.; Cline, T.; Mitrofanov, I. G.; Golovin, D.; Litvak, M. L.; Sanin, A. B.; Boynton, William V.; Fellows, C.; Harshman, K.; Starr, R.; Golenetskii, S.; Aptekar, R.; Mazets, E.; Pal'shin, V.; Frederiks, D.; Smith, D. M.; Wigger, C.; Hajdas, W.; Zehnder, A.; Von Kienlin, A.; Lichti, G. G.; Rau, A.; Yamaoka, K.; Ohno, M.; Fukazawa, Y.; Takahashi, T.; Tashiro, M.; Terada, Y.; Murakami, T.; Makishima, K.; Barthelmy, S.; Cummings, J.; Gehrels, N.; Krimm, H.; Goldsten, J.; Del Monte, E.; Feroci, M.; Marisaldi, M.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1133 2009. p. 55-57.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hurley, K, Cline, T, Mitrofanov, IG, Golovin, D, Litvak, ML, Sanin, AB, Boynton, WV, Fellows, C, Harshman, K, Starr, R, Golenetskii, S, Aptekar, R, Mazets, E, Pal'shin, V, Frederiks, D, Smith, DM, Wigger, C, Hajdas, W, Zehnder, A, Von Kienlin, A, Lichti, GG, Rau, A, Yamaoka, K, Ohno, M, Fukazawa, Y, Takahashi, T, Tashiro, M, Terada, Y, Murakami, T, Makishima, K, Barthelmy, S, Cummings, J, Gehrels, N, Krimm, H, Goldsten, J, Del Monte, E, Feroci, M & Marisaldi, M 2009, The status and future of the third interplanetary network. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1133, pp. 55-57, 6th Huntsville Symposium on Gamma-Ray Bursts, Huntsville, AL, United States, 10/20/08. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3155966
Hurley K, Cline T, Mitrofanov IG, Golovin D, Litvak ML, Sanin AB et al. The status and future of the third interplanetary network. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1133. 2009. p. 55-57 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3155966
Hurley, K. ; Cline, T. ; Mitrofanov, I. G. ; Golovin, D. ; Litvak, M. L. ; Sanin, A. B. ; Boynton, William V. ; Fellows, C. ; Harshman, K. ; Starr, R. ; Golenetskii, S. ; Aptekar, R. ; Mazets, E. ; Pal'shin, V. ; Frederiks, D. ; Smith, D. M. ; Wigger, C. ; Hajdas, W. ; Zehnder, A. ; Von Kienlin, A. ; Lichti, G. G. ; Rau, A. ; Yamaoka, K. ; Ohno, M. ; Fukazawa, Y. ; Takahashi, T. ; Tashiro, M. ; Terada, Y. ; Murakami, T. ; Makishima, K. ; Barthelmy, S. ; Cummings, J. ; Gehrels, N. ; Krimm, H. ; Goldsten, J. ; Del Monte, E. ; Feroci, M. ; Marisaldi, M. / The status and future of the third interplanetary network. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1133 2009. pp. 55-57
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abstract = "The 3rd interplanetary network (IPN), which has been in operation since 1990, presently consists of 9 spacecraft: AGILE, RHESSI, Suzaku, and Swift, in low Earth orbit; INTEGRAL, in eccentric Earth orbit with apogee 0.5 light-seconds; Wind, up to ∼7 light-seconds from Earth; MESSENGER, en route to Mercury; and Mars Odyssey, in orbit around Mars. Ulysses and HETE have ceased operations, and the Fermi GBM is being incorporated into the network. The IPN operates as a full-time, all-sky monitor for transients down to a threshold of about 6x10-7 erg cm-2 or 1 photon cm-2 s -1. It detects about 275 cosmic gamma-ray bursts per year. These events are generally not the same ones detected by narrower field of view imaging instruments such as Swift, INTEGRAL IBIS, and SuperAGILE; the localization accuracy is in the several arcminute and above range.",
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AU - Litvak, M. L.

AU - Sanin, A. B.

AU - Boynton, William V.

AU - Fellows, C.

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AU - Golenetskii, S.

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AU - Frederiks, D.

AU - Smith, D. M.

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AU - Terada, Y.

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AU - Krimm, H.

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AU - Del Monte, E.

AU - Feroci, M.

AU - Marisaldi, M.

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