The stress-response proteins poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and NF-κB protect against bile salt-induced apoptosis

Claire M. Payne, Cara Crowley, Delon Washo-Stultz, Margaret M Briehl, Harris Bernstein, Carol Bernstein, Shannon Beard, Hana Holubec, James A Warneke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Bile salts induce apoptosis and are implicated as promoters of colon cancer. The mechanisms by which bile salts produce these effects are poorly understood. We report that the cytotoxic bile salt, sodium deoxycholate (NaDOC), activates the key stress response proteins, NF-κB and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). The activation of NF-κB and PARP, respectively, indicates that bile salts induce oxidative stress and DNA damage. The pre-treatment of cells with specific inhibitors of these proteins [pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (NF-κB inhibitor) and 3-aminobenzamide (PARP inhibitor)] sensitizes cells to the induction of apoptosis by NaDOC, indicating that these stress response pathways are protective in nature. Colon cancer risk has been reported to be associated with resistance to apoptosis. We found an increase in activated NF-κB at the base of human colon crypts that exhibit apoptosis resistance. This provides a link between an increased stress response and colon cancer risk. The implications of these findings with respect to apoptosis and to colon carcinogenesis are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-636
Number of pages14
JournalCell Death and Differentiation
Volume5
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1998

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Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
Heat-Shock Proteins
Bile Acids and Salts
Apoptosis
Colonic Neoplasms
Colon
Deoxycholic Acid
DNA Damage
Carcinogenesis
Oxidative Stress
Proteins

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Bile acids
  • DNA damage
  • NF-κB
  • Oxidative stress
  • PARP
  • Sodium deoxycholate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

Cite this

The stress-response proteins poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and NF-κB protect against bile salt-induced apoptosis. / Payne, Claire M.; Crowley, Cara; Washo-Stultz, Delon; Briehl, Margaret M; Bernstein, Harris; Bernstein, Carol; Beard, Shannon; Holubec, Hana; Warneke, James A.

In: Cell Death and Differentiation, Vol. 5, No. 7, 07.1998, p. 623-636.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Payne, CM, Crowley, C, Washo-Stultz, D, Briehl, MM, Bernstein, H, Bernstein, C, Beard, S, Holubec, H & Warneke, JA 1998, 'The stress-response proteins poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and NF-κB protect against bile salt-induced apoptosis', Cell Death and Differentiation, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 623-636.
Payne, Claire M. ; Crowley, Cara ; Washo-Stultz, Delon ; Briehl, Margaret M ; Bernstein, Harris ; Bernstein, Carol ; Beard, Shannon ; Holubec, Hana ; Warneke, James A. / The stress-response proteins poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and NF-κB protect against bile salt-induced apoptosis. In: Cell Death and Differentiation. 1998 ; Vol. 5, No. 7. pp. 623-636.
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