The pure rotational spectrum of HZnCl (X 1Σ+) has been recorded using sub-millimeter direct-absorption methods in the range of 439-540 GHz and Fourier transform microwave (FTMW) techniques from 9 to 39 GHz. This species was produced by the reaction of zinc vapor and chlorine gas with H2 or D2 in a d.c. glow discharge for the sub-millimeter studies. In the FTMW measurements, HZnCl was created in a discharge nozzle from Cl2 and (CH3)2Zn. Between 5 and 10 rotational transitions were measured in the sub-millimeter regime for four zinc and two chlorine isotopologues; four transitions were recorded with the FTMW machine for the main isotopologue, each consisting of several chlorine hyperfine components. The data are consistent with a linear molecule and a 1Σ+ ground electronic state. Rotational and chlorine quadrupole constants were established from the spectra, as well as an rm(2) structure. The Zn-Cl and Zn-H bond lengths were determined to be 2.0829 and 1.5050 Å, respectively; in contrast, the Zn-Cl bond distance in ZnCl is 2.1300 Å, longer by ∼0.050 Å. The zinc-chlorine bond distance therefore shortens with the addition of the H atom. The 35Cl electric quadrupole coupling constant of eQq = -27.429 MHz found for HZnCl suggests that this molecule is primarily an ionic species with some covalent character for the Zn-Cl bond.
- Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy
- Rotational spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry