The technology that Began Steuben Glass

Jacob Israel Favela, Pamela B Vandiver

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Frederick Carder popularized art glass in America and is remembered as the founder and head of Steuben Glass Works. Carder, a designer and glass technologist trained in England, established the factory in Corning, New York, in 1903. The factory produced colored and highly decorated glass vessels that competed with but were less expensive than those of Tiffany Studios. To understand the differences in technology between the competing products of Carder and Tiffany, especially the type called "aurene," we analyzed and compared opalescent white glass formulations, iridized with thin-film, golden luster decoration and some examples decorated with combed trails containing silver. The methods of analysis are electron beam microprobe analysis and scanning-electron microscopy with simultaneous energy dispersive x-ray analysis. Analytical results show that Carder produced an affordable product by standardized processing that included opalescent compositions in a narrow range of soda-lime-silicate and lead-alkali-silicate glasses with calcium phosphate or boneash as an inexpensive but reliable opacifier, quite thick flashed "golden" lustrous coatings made from tin oxide or tin and silver, and relatively rough velvet- to satin-textured, iridescent, thin-film coatings that were formed during multiple rapid heat treatments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Pages263-275
Number of pages13
Volume1047
StatePublished - 2008
EventMaterials Issues in Art and Archaeology VIII - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 26 2007Nov 28 2007

Other

OtherMaterials Issues in Art and Archaeology VIII
CountryUnited States
CityBoston, MA
Period11/26/0711/28/07

Fingerprint

cards
Glass
glass
industrial plants
Silver
Silicates
Industrial plants
silicates
silver
luster
coatings
Thin films
Coatings
x ray analysis
England
calcium phosphates
Tin
Studios
arts
Calcium phosphate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Favela, J. I., & Vandiver, P. B. (2008). The technology that Began Steuben Glass. In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings (Vol. 1047, pp. 263-275)

The technology that Began Steuben Glass. / Favela, Jacob Israel; Vandiver, Pamela B.

Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1047 2008. p. 263-275.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Favela, JI & Vandiver, PB 2008, The technology that Began Steuben Glass. in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. vol. 1047, pp. 263-275, Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology VIII, Boston, MA, United States, 11/26/07.
Favela JI, Vandiver PB. The technology that Began Steuben Glass. In Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1047. 2008. p. 263-275
Favela, Jacob Israel ; Vandiver, Pamela B. / The technology that Began Steuben Glass. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1047 2008. pp. 263-275
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