The thermal emission of the young and massive planet CoRoT-2b at 4.5 and 8 μ m * **

M. Gillon, A. A. Lanotte, T. Barman, N. Miller, B. O. Demory, M. Deleuil, J. Montalbán, F. Bouchy, A. Collier Cameron, H. J. Deeg, J. J. Fortney, M. Fridlund, J. Harrington, P. Magain, C. Moutou, D. Queloz, H. Rauer, D. Rouan, J. Schneider

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Abstract

We report measurements of the thermal emission of the young and massive planet CoRoT-2b at 4.5 and 8 μm with the Spitzer Infrared Array Camera (IRAC). Our measured occultation depths are 0.510±0.042% at 4.5 and 0.41±0.11% at 8 μm. In addition to the CoRoT optical measurements, these planet/star flux ratios indicate a poor heat distribution on the night side of the planet and agree better with an atmosphere free of temperature inversion layer. Still, such an inversion is not definitely ruled out by the observations and a larger wavelength coverage is required to remove the current ambiguity. Our global analysis of CoRoT, Spitzer, and ground-based data confirms the high mass and large size of the planet with slightly revised values (Mp = 3.47 ± 0.22 MJ , Rp = 1.466 ± 0.044 RJ ). We find a small but significant offset in the timing of the occultation when compared to a purely circular orbital solution, leading to e cos ω = -0.00291 ± 0.00063 where e is the orbital eccentricity and ω is the argument of periastron. Constraining the age of the system to at most a few hundred Myr and assuming that the non-zero orbital eccentricity does not come from a third undetected body, we modeled the coupled orbital-tidal evolution of the system with various tidal Q values, core sizes, and initial orbital parameters. For Qs = 105-106, our modeling is able to explain the large radius of CoRoT-2b if Qp ≤ 105.5 through a transient tidal circularization and corresponding planet tidal heating event. Under this model, the planet will reach its Roche limit within 20 Myr at most.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA3
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
Volume511
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Binaries: eclipsing
  • Planetary systems
  • Stars: individual: CoRoT-2
  • Techniques: photometric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Gillon, M., Lanotte, A. A., Barman, T., Miller, N., Demory, B. O., Deleuil, M., Montalbán, J., Bouchy, F., Collier Cameron, A., Deeg, H. J., Fortney, J. J., Fridlund, M., Harrington, J., Magain, P., Moutou, C., Queloz, D., Rauer, H., Rouan, D., & Schneider, J. (2010). The thermal emission of the young and massive planet CoRoT-2b at 4.5 and 8 μ m * **. Astronomy and astrophysics, 511(1), [A3]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200913507