The x-ray crystallographic structure of the heterodimeric plant toxin ricin has been determined at 2.8-A resolution. The A chain enzyme is a globular protein with extensive secondary structure and a reasonably prominent cleft assumed to be the active site. The B chain lectin folds into two topologically similar domains, each binding lactose in a shallow cleft. In each site a glutamine residue forms a hydrogen bond to the OH-4 of galactose, accounting for the epimerimic specificity of binding. The interface between the A and B chains shows some hydrophobic contacts in which proline and phenylalanine side chains play a prominent role.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Apr 15 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology