The UV scattering halo of the central source associated with η carinae

D. John Millier, T. Gull, K. Nielsen, G. Sonneborn, R. Iping, Nathan Smith, M. Corcoran, A. Damineli, F. W. Hamann, J. C. Martin, K. Weis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have made an extensive study of the UV spectrum of 77 Carinae and find that we do not directly observe the star and its wind in the UV. Because of dust along our line of sight, the UV light that we observe arises from bound-bound scattering at large impact parameters. We obtain a reasonable fit to the UV spectrum by using only the flux that originates outside (X'033. This explains why we can still observe the primary star in the UV despite the large optical extinction: it is due to the presence of an intrinsic coronagraph in the 77 Car system and to the extension of the UV-emitting region. It is not due to peculiar dust properties alone. We have computed the spectrum of the purported companion star and show that it could only be directly detected in the UV spectrum, preferentially in the FUSE spectral region (912-1175 A). However, we find no direct evidence for a companion star, with the properties indicated by X-ray studies and studies of the Weigelt blobs, in UV spectra. This might be due to reprocessing of the companion's light by the dense stellar wind of the primary. Broad Fe n and [Fe II] emission lines, which form in the stellar wind, are detected in spectra taken in the southeastern lobe, 0″.2 from the central star. The wind spectrum shows some similarities to the spectra of the B and D Weigelt blobs but also shows some marked differences in that lines pumped by Lyα are not seen. The detection of the broad lines lends support to our interpretation of the UV spectrum and to our model for η Car.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1098-1116
Number of pages19
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume642
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Stars: atmospheres
  • Stars: early-type
  • Stars: fundamental parameters
  • Stars: individual (η Carinae)
  • Stars: mass loss
  • Ultraviolet: stars

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Millier, D. J., Gull, T., Nielsen, K., Sonneborn, G., Iping, R., Smith, N., Corcoran, M., Damineli, A., Hamann, F. W., Martin, J. C., & Weis, K. (2006). The UV scattering halo of the central source associated with η carinae. Astrophysical Journal, 642(2 I), 1098-1116. https://doi.org/10.1086/501225