The wax and wane of interstate migration patterns in the USA in the 1980s: a demographic effectiveness field perspective

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Abstract

Demographic effectiveness (or efficiency) is a measure of the unidirectionality of migration to and from geographic areas. This author explores the structure of temporal change in the demographic effectiveness of migration in the US during the 1980s. The analysis is based on a times series of matrices of state-to-state movements derived from matched income tax forms. A number of hypotheses are explored about how in-migration and out-migration fields wax and wane. The results highlight the characteristics of recent (1980-88) shifts in US internal migration patterns including net migration reversals from strong net in-migration to strong net out-migration for states with significant energy sectors, the stanching of net out-migration from many states of the American manufacturing belt, the turnaround to net in-migration for all of northern New England, and the continuance of highly effective net in-migration to the sunbelt states of Florida, Arizona, and Nevada. -from Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1545-1561
Number of pages17
JournalEnvironment & Planning A
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)

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