The X-CLASS-redMaPPer galaxy cluster comparison: I. Identification procedures

T. Sadibekova, M. Pierrre, N. Clerc, L. Faccioli, R. Gastaud, J. P. Le Fevre, E. Rozo, E. Rykoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper is the first in a series undertaking a comprehensive correlation analysis between optically selected and X-ray-selected cluster catalogues. The rationale of the project is to develop a holistic picture of galaxy clusters utilising optical and X-ray-cluster-selected catalogues with well-understood selection functions. Aims. Unlike most of the X-ray/optical cluster correlations to date, the present paper focuses on the non-matching objects in either waveband. We investigate how the differences observed between the optical and X-ray catalogues may stem from (1) a shortcoming of the detection algorithms; (2) dispersion in the X-ray/optical scaling relations; or (3) substantial intrinsic differences between the cluster populations probed in the X-ray and optical bands. The aim is to inventory and elucidate these effects in order to account for selection biases in the further determination of X-ray/optical cluster scaling relations.Methods. We correlated the X-CLASS serendipitous cluster catalogue extracted from the XMM archive with the redMaPPer optical cluster catalogue derived from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (DR8). We performed a detailed and, in large part, interactive analysis of the matching output from the correlation. The overlap between the two catalogues has been accurately determined and possible cluster positional errors were manually recovered. The final samples comprise 270 and 355 redMaPPer and X-CLASS clusters, respectively. X-ray cluster matching rates were analysed as a function of optical richness. In the second step, the redMaPPer clusters were correlated with the entire X-ray catalogue, containing point and uncharacterised sources (down to a few =10-15erg s-1 cm-2 in the [0.5-2] keV band). A stacking analysis was performed for the remaining undetected optical clusters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number87
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
Volume571
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalogs
  • Cosmology: observations
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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