Theoretically predicted rate constants for mercury oxidation by hydrogen chloride in coal combustion flue gases

Jennifer Wilcox, Joe Robles, David C J Marsden, Paul Blowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this work, theoretical rate constants are estimated for mercury oxidation reactions by hydrogen chloride that may occur in the flue gases of coal combustion. Rate constants are calculated using transition state theory at the quadratic configuration interaction (QCI) level of theory with single and double excitations, and are compared to results obtained from density functional theory, both including high level pseudopotentials for mercury. Thermodynamic and kinetic data from the literature are used to assess the accuracy of the theoretical calculations when possible. Validation of the chosen methods and basis sets is based upon previous and current research on mercury reactions involving chlorine. The present research shows that the QCISD method with the 1992 Stevens et al, basis set leads to the most accurate kinetic and thermodynamic results for the oxidation of mercury via chlorine containing molecules. Also, a comparison of the heats of reaction data for a series of mercury oxidation reactions reveals that the density functional method, B3LYP, with the 1997 Stuttgart basis set provides reasonably accurate results for these large systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4199-4204
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume37
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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