Therapeutic synergism of hyperthermia-cis-platinum in a mouse tumor model

David S. Alberts, Yei Mei Peng, H. S. George Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


A small-animal model was developed as a guide to whole-body hyperthermia in cancer patients. Anesthetized DBA/2 mice were secured to a platform, and their hindlimbs were immersed in a 42.3° C water bath for 30-60 minutes. Hindlimb hyperthermia resulted in steady-state rectal and femoral bone marrow and muscle temperatures of 42° C and upper extremity muscle and esophagus temperatures of 41° C. With this hyperthermia technique, the mouse spleen colony assay could be used to quantitate the lethality of hyperthermia and/or cis-dichloro- diammineplatinum(ll) (cis-platinum) on clonogenic bone marrow and leukemia cells. Hyperthermia prior to cis-platinum administration increased c/s-platinum inhibition of leukemia colony formation as much as 2 logs; however, antileukemia synergism was greatest when c/s-platinum administration immediately preceded hyperthermia and no evidence existed of synergism against normal bone marrow colonies. Correlative in vivo drug uptake studies showed a marked increase in leukemia cell uptake of195mR-cis-platinum at elevated temperatures, which suggested a potential mechanism for the apparent antileukemia synergism of c/s-platinum and heat.—JNCI 65; 455-461, 1980.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-461
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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