In recent years, nanoporous thin films have been widely studied for thermoelectric applications. High thermoelectric performance is reported for nanoporous Si films, which is attributed to the dramatically reduced lattice thermal conductivity and bulk-like electrical properties. Porous materials can also be used in gas sensing applications by engineering the surface-trapped charges on pore edges. In this work, an analytical model is developed to explore the relationship between the thermoelectric properties and pore-edge charges in a periodic two-dimensional nanoporous material. The presented model can be widely used to analyze the measured electrical properties of general nanoporous thin films and two-dimensional materials.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)