Thermogravimetric study of the dehydration kinetics of talc

Kunal Bose, Jibamitra Ganguly

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The dehydration kinetics of nearly pure talc, (Mg0.99Fe0.01)3Si4O10(OH)2, and of pure synthetic talc to enstatite and SiO2 was studied as a function of temperature between 777 and 977 °C and of grain size by thermogravimetry experiments. In the grain-size range of 15-1 μm, the rate of dehydration of talc increased with decreasing grain size, but further decrease of grain size did not significantly affect the dehydration rate. This may be caused by (1) clustering of the fine-grained particles as a result of surface charging, (2) a tradeoff between the positive effect of larger surface area and the negative effect of nucleating a larger number of product phases, or (3) both. The kinetic data can be adequately modeled by a second-order phenomenological rate law. The rate constant (k) for the size fraction of 10-15 μm of the natural talc follows an Arrhenian relation, k = 1.98 × 1014exp(- Q/RT)/min, where the activation energy Q = 372 ± 7 (σ) kJ/mol. Compared with talc of the same grain size, the synthetic talc was found to have a significantly faster dehydration rate. TEM images showed topotactic growth of enstatite on talc, with a concomitant formation of tridymite.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-699
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Issue number7-8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1994
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics

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