Thermolysin in the absence of substrate has an open conformation

Andrew C. Hausrath, Brian W. Matthews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The bacterial neutral proteases have been proposed to undergo hinge-bending during their catalytic cycle. However, in thermolysin, the prototypical member of the family, no significant conformational change has been observed. The structure of thermolysin has now been determined in a new crystal form that for the first time shows the enzyme in the absence of a ligand bound in the active site. This is shown to be an 'open' form of the enzyme. The relative orientation of the two domains that define the active-site cleft differ by a 5° rotation relative to their positions in the previously studied ligand-bound 'closed' form. Based on structural comparisons, kinetic studies on mutants and molecular-dynamics simulations, Gly78 and Gly135-Gly136 have previously been suggested as two possible hinge regions. Comparison of the 'open' and 'closed' structures suggests that neither of the proposed hinge regions completely accounts for the observed displacement. The concerted movement of a group of side chains suggested to be associated with the hinge-bending motion is, however, confirmed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1002-1007
Number of pages6
JournalActa Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography
Volume58
Issue number6 II
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology

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