Thiol oxidation causes pulmonary vasodilation by activating K+ channels and inhibiting store-operated Ca2+ channels

Christian Schach, Minlin Xu, Oleksandr Platoshyn, Steve H. Keller, Jason X.J. Yuan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cellular redox change regulates pulmonary vascular tone by affecting function of membrane and cytoplasmic proteins, enzymes, and second messengers. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that functional modulation of ion channels by thiol oxidation contributes to regulation of excitation-contraction coupling in isolated pulmonary artery (PA) rings. Acute treatment with the thiol oxidant diamide produced a dose-dependent relaxation in PA rings; the IC50 was 335 and 58 μM for 40 mM K+- and 2 μM phenylephrine-induced PA contraction, respectively. The diamide-mediated pulmonary vasodilation was affected by neither functional removal of endothelium nor 8-bromoguanosine-3′-5′-cyclic monophosphate (50 μM) and HA-1004 (30 μM). A rise in extracellular K+ concentration (from 20 to 80 mM) attenuated the thiol oxidant-induced PA relaxation. Passive store depletion by cyclopiazonic acid (50 μM) and active store depletion by phenylephrine (in the absence of external Ca2+) both induced PA contraction due to capacitative Ca2+ entry. Thiol oxidation by diamide significantly attenuated capacitative Ca2+ entry-induced PA contraction due to active and passive store depletion. The PA rings isolated from left and right PA branches appeared to respond differently to store depletion. Although the active tension induced by passive store depletion was comparable, the active tension induced by active store depletion was 3.5-fold greater in right branches than in left branches. These data indicate that thiol oxidation causes pulmonary vasodilation by activating K+ channels and inhibiting store-operated Ca2+ channels, which subsequently attenuate Ca2+ influx and decrease cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells. The mechanisms involved in thiol oxidation-mediated pulmonary vasodilation or activation of K + channels and inhibition of store-operated Ca2+ channels appear to be independent of functional endothelium and of the cGMP-dependent protein kinase pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L685-L698
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume292
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Capacitative calcium entry
  • Diamide
  • Pulmonary artery
  • Pulmonary hypertension
  • Redox status
  • Smooth muscle contractility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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