Third-order exciton-correlation and nonlinear cavity-polariton effects in semiconductor microcavities

Nai-Hang Kwong, R. Takayama, I. Rumyantsev, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, Rudolf Binder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a microscopic theory of the coherent third-order (X(3)) optical response of semiconductor quantum well microcavities, specialized to the four-wave-mixing configuration in the spectral vicinity of the lowest exciton frequency. The theory is that of a quantum-mechanical many-electron system dipole coupled to a classical radiation field. The many-electron dynamics is treated within the dynamics-controlled-truncation formalism restricted to the 1 s-exciton subspace. Within this limitation, all Coulomb correlation effects are included, resulting in an effective theory of (virtual) exciton-polariton scattering. Good quantitative agreement of the theory is obtained in comparison to the experiments reported by Gonokami et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1341 (1997). This comparison reveals the signatures of both the bound biexciton and the exciton-exciton scattering (continuum) correlations. Furthermore, a proper calculation of the scattering correlations is shown to be important: each of two common approximations, the Markov and the second Born, results in clear discrepancies from the data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045316
Pages (from-to)453161-4531615
Number of pages4078455
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume64
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 15 2001

Fingerprint

Microcavities
Excitons
polaritons
excitons
Semiconductor materials
cavities
Scattering
scattering
Electrons
Four wave mixing
approximation
four-wave mixing
radiation distribution
Semiconductor quantum wells
electrons
signatures
LDS 751
quantum wells
dipoles
formalism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Third-order exciton-correlation and nonlinear cavity-polariton effects in semiconductor microcavities. / Kwong, Nai-Hang; Takayama, R.; Rumyantsev, I.; Kuwata-Gonokami, M.; Binder, Rudolf.

In: Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 64, No. 4, 045316, 15.07.2001, p. 453161-4531615.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{955d7c0a2bbb4323a8b80f99e085b7dc,
title = "Third-order exciton-correlation and nonlinear cavity-polariton effects in semiconductor microcavities",
abstract = "We present a microscopic theory of the coherent third-order (X(3)) optical response of semiconductor quantum well microcavities, specialized to the four-wave-mixing configuration in the spectral vicinity of the lowest exciton frequency. The theory is that of a quantum-mechanical many-electron system dipole coupled to a classical radiation field. The many-electron dynamics is treated within the dynamics-controlled-truncation formalism restricted to the 1 s-exciton subspace. Within this limitation, all Coulomb correlation effects are included, resulting in an effective theory of (virtual) exciton-polariton scattering. Good quantitative agreement of the theory is obtained in comparison to the experiments reported by Gonokami et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1341 (1997). This comparison reveals the signatures of both the bound biexciton and the exciton-exciton scattering (continuum) correlations. Furthermore, a proper calculation of the scattering correlations is shown to be important: each of two common approximations, the Markov and the second Born, results in clear discrepancies from the data.",
author = "Nai-Hang Kwong and R. Takayama and I. Rumyantsev and M. Kuwata-Gonokami and Rudolf Binder",
year = "2001",
month = "7",
day = "15",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "64",
pages = "453161--4531615",
journal = "Physical Review B-Condensed Matter",
issn = "0163-1829",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Publising LLC",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Third-order exciton-correlation and nonlinear cavity-polariton effects in semiconductor microcavities

AU - Kwong, Nai-Hang

AU - Takayama, R.

AU - Rumyantsev, I.

AU - Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

AU - Binder, Rudolf

PY - 2001/7/15

Y1 - 2001/7/15

N2 - We present a microscopic theory of the coherent third-order (X(3)) optical response of semiconductor quantum well microcavities, specialized to the four-wave-mixing configuration in the spectral vicinity of the lowest exciton frequency. The theory is that of a quantum-mechanical many-electron system dipole coupled to a classical radiation field. The many-electron dynamics is treated within the dynamics-controlled-truncation formalism restricted to the 1 s-exciton subspace. Within this limitation, all Coulomb correlation effects are included, resulting in an effective theory of (virtual) exciton-polariton scattering. Good quantitative agreement of the theory is obtained in comparison to the experiments reported by Gonokami et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1341 (1997). This comparison reveals the signatures of both the bound biexciton and the exciton-exciton scattering (continuum) correlations. Furthermore, a proper calculation of the scattering correlations is shown to be important: each of two common approximations, the Markov and the second Born, results in clear discrepancies from the data.

AB - We present a microscopic theory of the coherent third-order (X(3)) optical response of semiconductor quantum well microcavities, specialized to the four-wave-mixing configuration in the spectral vicinity of the lowest exciton frequency. The theory is that of a quantum-mechanical many-electron system dipole coupled to a classical radiation field. The many-electron dynamics is treated within the dynamics-controlled-truncation formalism restricted to the 1 s-exciton subspace. Within this limitation, all Coulomb correlation effects are included, resulting in an effective theory of (virtual) exciton-polariton scattering. Good quantitative agreement of the theory is obtained in comparison to the experiments reported by Gonokami et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 1341 (1997). This comparison reveals the signatures of both the bound biexciton and the exciton-exciton scattering (continuum) correlations. Furthermore, a proper calculation of the scattering correlations is shown to be important: each of two common approximations, the Markov and the second Born, results in clear discrepancies from the data.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035878512&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035878512&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0035878512

VL - 64

SP - 453161

EP - 4531615

JO - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

JF - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

SN - 0163-1829

IS - 4

M1 - 045316

ER -