Three-dimensional vocal tract imaging and formant structure: Varying vocal register, pitch, and loudness

Kenneth Tom, Ingo R. Titze, Eric A. Hoffman, Brad H. Story

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although advances in techniques for image acquisition and analysis have facilitated the direct measurement of three-dimensional vocal tract air space shapes associated with specific speech phonemes, little information is available with regard to changes in three-dimensional (3-D) vocal tract shape as a function of vocal register, pitch, and loudness. In this study, 3-D images of the vocal tract during falsetto and chest register phonations at various pitch and loudness conditions were obtained using electron beam computed tomography (EBCT). Detailed measurements and differences in vocal tract configuration and formant characteristics derived from the eight measured vocal tract shapes are reported.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)742-747
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume109
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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