Thrombin‐induced prostacyclin biosynthesis in human endothelium: Role of guanine nucleotide regulatory proteins in stimulus/coupling responses

Joe G.N. Garcia, Richard G. Painter, John W. Fenton, Denis English, Karleen S. Callahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The regulation of prostacyclin (PGl2) synthesis by cultured human umbilical vein endothelium (HUVEC) was investigated. HUVEC monolayer generation of PGl2 was monitored by RIA of 6‐keto PGF and dose‐dependent increases observed with human α‐and γ‐thrombins, histamine, or arachidonate. Alpha thrombin (10 nM) produced levels of 6‐keto PGF1α approximating responses with 1 μM γ‐thrombin, 5μM arachidonate, or 10 μM histamine. Diisopropyl phosphorofluo‐ridate‐inactivated α‐thrombin did not stimulate PGl2 release, demonstrating that catalytic activity was required for thrombin‐stimulated PGl2 release. Sodium fluoride (NaF), at concentrations known to activate guanine nucleotide regulatory proteins (G proteins), directly stimulated HUVEC PGl2 synthesis in a dose‐dependent and time‐dependent manner (20 mM NaF, 4.4 ± 0.5‐fold increase at 10 min, 11.9 ± 1.5‐fold increase at 30 min). Neither α‐thrombin nor NaF‐stimulated PGl2 release was dependent upon the availability of extracellular Ca+ +. The hypothesis that G proteins are involved in agonist‐stimulated PGl2 synthesis was further supported by studies using digitonin‐permeabilized HUVEC monolayers challenged with another G protein activator, guanosine 5′‐0‐3‐thiotrisphosphate (GTP γ S), which effected significant dose‐dependent increases in PGl2 synthesis compared with control levels of 6‐keto PGFα. In contrast, the G‐protein inhibitor GDP β S, (guanosine 5′‐0‐2‐thiodiphosphate), attenuated α‐thrombin‐mediated prostaglandin generation. Treatment of HUVEC monolayers with pertussis toxin (1 μg/ml) did not inhibit the PGl2 synthesis stimulated by either α‐thrombin, NaF, or histamine but catalyzed the ADP ribosylation of a 40 kDa membrane protein which cross‐reacted with antisera against a synthetic peptide corresponding to an amino acid sequence common to the α‐subunit of other G‐proteins. Preincubation of HUVEC microsomal membranes with α‐thrombin diminished pertussis toxin‐catalyzed ADP ribosylation in a time‐dependent manner. These data suggest that thrombin stimulation of PGl2 synthesis by HUVEC monolayers requires the catalytically functional enzyme and further suggests that the thrombin‐occupied receptor is coupled to phospholipase activities by a pertussis toxin‐insensitive guanine nucleotide regulatory protein in human endothelial cell membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-193
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume142
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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