Thromboembolic events and spinal surgery

Kyriakos Papadimitriou, Anubhav G. Amin, Ryan M. Kretzer, Daniel M. Sciubba, Ali Bydon, Timothy F. Witham, Jean Paul Wolinsky, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Mhd-Ali - Baaj

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Management of patients undergoing neurosurgical spinal procedures requires balancing the competing risks of hemorrhage and thrombosis. Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) may be significant complications following spinal surgery. The authors reviewed 30 studies regarding thromboembolic events following spinal surgery for various etiologies and analysed all the methods used to prevent thromboembolic events. Despite the low incidence of DVT (2.7%) and PE (2%), most spinal surgeons routinely treat patients with a non-invasive prophylactic method such as pneumatic sequential compression devices or compression stockings. Chemoprophylaxis is another effective method to prevent thromboembolic episodes. Inferior vena cava filters may be a safe and effective method to prevent thromboembolic episodes in this patient cohort when chemoprophylaxis and mechanical compression is contraindicated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1621
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Volume19
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chemoprevention
Pulmonary Embolism
Venous Thrombosis
Compression Stockings
Vena Cava Filters
Neurosurgical Procedures
Thrombosis
Hemorrhage
Equipment and Supplies
Incidence
Surgeons

Keywords

  • Deep venous thrombosis
  • Inferior vena cava filter
  • Pulmonary embolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Papadimitriou, K., Amin, A. G., Kretzer, R. M., Sciubba, D. M., Bydon, A., Witham, T. F., ... Baaj, M-A. . (2012). Thromboembolic events and spinal surgery. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 19(12), 1617-1621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2012.03.024

Thromboembolic events and spinal surgery. / Papadimitriou, Kyriakos; Amin, Anubhav G.; Kretzer, Ryan M.; Sciubba, Daniel M.; Bydon, Ali; Witham, Timothy F.; Wolinsky, Jean Paul; Gokaslan, Ziya L.; Baaj, Mhd-Ali -.

In: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, Vol. 19, No. 12, 12.2012, p. 1617-1621.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Papadimitriou, K, Amin, AG, Kretzer, RM, Sciubba, DM, Bydon, A, Witham, TF, Wolinsky, JP, Gokaslan, ZL & Baaj, M-A 2012, 'Thromboembolic events and spinal surgery', Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1617-1621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2012.03.024
Papadimitriou K, Amin AG, Kretzer RM, Sciubba DM, Bydon A, Witham TF et al. Thromboembolic events and spinal surgery. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. 2012 Dec;19(12):1617-1621. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2012.03.024
Papadimitriou, Kyriakos ; Amin, Anubhav G. ; Kretzer, Ryan M. ; Sciubba, Daniel M. ; Bydon, Ali ; Witham, Timothy F. ; Wolinsky, Jean Paul ; Gokaslan, Ziya L. ; Baaj, Mhd-Ali -. / Thromboembolic events and spinal surgery. In: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience. 2012 ; Vol. 19, No. 12. pp. 1617-1621.
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