Titin based viscosity in ventricular physiology: An integrative investigation of PEVK-actin interactions

Charles S. Chung, Methajit Methawasin, O. Lynne Nelson, Michael H. Radke, Carlos G. Hidalgo, Michael Gotthardt, Henk L. Granzier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Viscosity is proposed to modulate diastolic function, but only limited understanding of the source(s) of viscosity exists. In vitro experiments have shown that the proline-glutamic acid-valine-lysine (PEVK) rich element of titin interacts with actin, causing a viscous force in the sarcomere. It is unknown whether this mechanism contributes to viscosity in vivo. We tested the hypothesis that PEVK-actin interaction causes cardiac viscosity and is important in vivo via an integrative physiological study on a unique PEVK knockout (KO) model. Both skinned cardiomyocytes and papillary muscle fibers were isolated from wildtype (WT) and PEVK KO mice and passive viscosity was examined using stretch-hold-release and sinusoidal analysis. Viscosity was reduced by ~. 60% in KO myocytes and ~. 50% in muscle fibers at room temperature. The PEVK-actin interaction was not modulated by temperature or diastolic calcium, but was increased by lattice compression. Stretch-hold and sinusoidal frequency protocols on intact isolated mouse hearts showed a smaller, 30-40% reduction in viscosity, possibly due to actomyosin interactions, and showed that microtubules did not contribute to viscosity. Transmitral Doppler echocardiography similarly revealed a 40% decrease in LV chamber viscosity in the PEVK KO in vivo. This integrative study is the first to quantify the influence of a specific molecular (PEVK-actin) viscosity in vivo and shows that PEVK-actin interactions are an important physiological source of viscosity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-434
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Keywords

  • Actin
  • Diastole
  • In vivo
  • Passive force
  • Titin/connectin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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