To belong or not to belong, that is the question: Terror management and identification with gender and ethnicity

Jamie Arndt, Jeff Schimel, Jeff L Greenberg, Tom Pyszczynski, Sheldon Solomon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

138 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The terror management prediction that reminders of death motivate in-group identification assumes people view their identifications positively. However, when the in-group is framed negatively, mortality salience should lead to disidentification. Study 1 found that mortality salience increased women's perceived similarity to other women except under gender-based stereotype threat. In Study 2, mortality salience and a negative ethnic prime led Hispanic as well as Anglo participants to derogate paintings attributed to Hispanic (but not Anglo-American) aritsts. Study 3 added a neutral prime condition and used a more direct measure of psychological distancing. Mortality salience and the negative prime led Hispanic participants to view themselves as especially different from a fellow Hispanic. Implications for understanding in-group derogation and disidentification are briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-43
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
terrorism
ethnicity
mortality
Mortality
gender
management
Social Identification
Paintings
Group
stereotype
threat
Psychology
death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

To belong or not to belong, that is the question : Terror management and identification with gender and ethnicity. / Arndt, Jamie; Schimel, Jeff; Greenberg, Jeff L; Pyszczynski, Tom; Solomon, Sheldon.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 83, No. 1, 01.01.2002, p. 26-43.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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