Tobacco cigarettes, smoking, smoking cessation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

D. E. Griffith, Joe GN Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The case linking cigarette smoking to the development of COPD is now several decades old and provides overwhelming evidence that the most important risk factor for the development of COPD is cigarette smoking. Cigarette smokers have more cough and sputum production, a higher prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function, a higher rate of decline of pulmonary function, a higher prevalence of COPD, and higher rates of death from COPD. Cessation of smoking ameliorates all of these adverse effects. Pathophysiologically, smoking is associated with structural changes within the lung that explain the functional abnormalities of airflow obstruction, although the underlying mechanisms that unite these structural and functional abnormalities remain to be fully elucidated. There is no small irony that in our present consumer-oriented society, which demands the highest safety standards for products, that cigarettes are still legally purchased despite the crushing weight of the evidence indicting the inhalation of cigarette smoke. Surely, few other consumer products could withstand such an assault. It is unlikely that COPD would be eradicated if tobacco cigarettes were no longer available; however, it is certain the scope of this problem would be drastically reduced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)356-371
Number of pages16
JournalSeminars in Respiratory Medicine
Volume10
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Smoking Cessation
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Tobacco Products
Smoking
Lung
Sputum
Cough
Smoke
Inhalation
Tobacco
Safety
Weights and Measures
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Tobacco cigarettes, smoking, smoking cessation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. / Griffith, D. E.; Garcia, Joe GN.

In: Seminars in Respiratory Medicine, Vol. 10, No. 4, 1989, p. 356-371.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{937ba6637ccc4b1381ce90af78d52372,
title = "Tobacco cigarettes, smoking, smoking cessation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease",
abstract = "The case linking cigarette smoking to the development of COPD is now several decades old and provides overwhelming evidence that the most important risk factor for the development of COPD is cigarette smoking. Cigarette smokers have more cough and sputum production, a higher prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function, a higher rate of decline of pulmonary function, a higher prevalence of COPD, and higher rates of death from COPD. Cessation of smoking ameliorates all of these adverse effects. Pathophysiologically, smoking is associated with structural changes within the lung that explain the functional abnormalities of airflow obstruction, although the underlying mechanisms that unite these structural and functional abnormalities remain to be fully elucidated. There is no small irony that in our present consumer-oriented society, which demands the highest safety standards for products, that cigarettes are still legally purchased despite the crushing weight of the evidence indicting the inhalation of cigarette smoke. Surely, few other consumer products could withstand such an assault. It is unlikely that COPD would be eradicated if tobacco cigarettes were no longer available; however, it is certain the scope of this problem would be drastically reduced.",
author = "Griffith, {D. E.} and Garcia, {Joe GN}",
year = "1989",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "356--371",
journal = "Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine",
issn = "1069-3424",
publisher = "Thieme Medical Publishers",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tobacco cigarettes, smoking, smoking cessation, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

AU - Griffith, D. E.

AU - Garcia, Joe GN

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - The case linking cigarette smoking to the development of COPD is now several decades old and provides overwhelming evidence that the most important risk factor for the development of COPD is cigarette smoking. Cigarette smokers have more cough and sputum production, a higher prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function, a higher rate of decline of pulmonary function, a higher prevalence of COPD, and higher rates of death from COPD. Cessation of smoking ameliorates all of these adverse effects. Pathophysiologically, smoking is associated with structural changes within the lung that explain the functional abnormalities of airflow obstruction, although the underlying mechanisms that unite these structural and functional abnormalities remain to be fully elucidated. There is no small irony that in our present consumer-oriented society, which demands the highest safety standards for products, that cigarettes are still legally purchased despite the crushing weight of the evidence indicting the inhalation of cigarette smoke. Surely, few other consumer products could withstand such an assault. It is unlikely that COPD would be eradicated if tobacco cigarettes were no longer available; however, it is certain the scope of this problem would be drastically reduced.

AB - The case linking cigarette smoking to the development of COPD is now several decades old and provides overwhelming evidence that the most important risk factor for the development of COPD is cigarette smoking. Cigarette smokers have more cough and sputum production, a higher prevalence of abnormal pulmonary function, a higher rate of decline of pulmonary function, a higher prevalence of COPD, and higher rates of death from COPD. Cessation of smoking ameliorates all of these adverse effects. Pathophysiologically, smoking is associated with structural changes within the lung that explain the functional abnormalities of airflow obstruction, although the underlying mechanisms that unite these structural and functional abnormalities remain to be fully elucidated. There is no small irony that in our present consumer-oriented society, which demands the highest safety standards for products, that cigarettes are still legally purchased despite the crushing weight of the evidence indicting the inhalation of cigarette smoke. Surely, few other consumer products could withstand such an assault. It is unlikely that COPD would be eradicated if tobacco cigarettes were no longer available; however, it is certain the scope of this problem would be drastically reduced.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0024429054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0024429054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0024429054

VL - 10

SP - 356

EP - 371

JO - Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

JF - Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

SN - 1069-3424

IS - 4

ER -