Total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation: Anesthetic implications

Nicoleta Manciu, David S. Beebe, Phuc Tran, Rainer Gruessner, David E.R. Sutherland, Kumar G. Belani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective: To make recommendations for the perioperative management of patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation.Design: Retrospective review.Setting: University hospital.Patients: 41 patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with autologous islet cell transplantation for chronic pancreatitis from 1977 to 1996.Interventions: The charts and anesthetic records were reviewed, specifically investigating the changes in portal venous pressure, blood pressure (BP), and central venous pressure with islet cell injection. The records also were examined for blood glucose levels, type of fluids administered, blood loss, and postoperative complications.Measurements and Main Results: Injection of islet cells into the portal vein caused a significant increase in portal venous pressures (8.5 ± 4.8 to 27 ± 16 cm/H2O; p < 0.001), which remained elevated at the end of injection (23 ± 12 cm/H2O; p < 0.001). Central venous pressures also increased a small amount (9.3 ± 4.3 to 10.6 ± 5.8 mmHg; p < 0.05). In contrast, systolic blood pressures (SBPs) fell with administration of the islet cells (110 ± 15 to 103 ± 17 mmHg; p < 0.01), but SBP recovered in most patients at the end of injection (106 ± 16 mmHg; p = NS). However, 6 patients (14.6%) required vasopressors to maintain adequate BPs. Blood glucose levels were significantly higher immediately prior to islet cell infusion in patients who had received dextrose-containing solutions than those who did not (246 ± 80 vs. 176 ± 43 gm/dl; p = 0.002). Median blood loss was 2000 ml (range 350 to 12,000 ml), and most patients (95.1%) required blood transfusions.Conclusion: Although total pancreatectomy with islet cell autotransplantation is a difficult operation, with significant blood loss, most patients tolerate surgery and injection of islet cells into their portal system without hemodynamic instability. Glucose-containing solutions should not be administered to patients prior to islet cell infusion because hyperglycemia, which can damage islet cells, may result. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)576-582
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1999

Keywords

  • Anesthesia
  • Diabetes
  • Islet cells
  • Pancreatitis
  • Pancreatotomy, total

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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